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Blog Post #5

While I was watching episode 5 of Ways Of Hearing, it reminded me of the experiences I had when I was a young DJ back in 1988 when I was only 16 years old.  Specifically, I am referring to the part when he is  interviewing Jimmy Johnson of Forced Exposure, who indicated that he and his staff listen to every record that comes into the store so that may be able to provide knowledge and recommendations to their customers.  This very much correlated to why and how I purchased records for my collection to spin at the parties that I was hired to DJ for.  When I first started buying records I went to a few different stores and would buy the records that were hot, you know, the ones that were already being played on the radio and clubs.  Most of the top DJ record shops had a turntable so you could ask them to play a certain record for you, and it was mostly songs or artists that you already knew.  That was until I went to Vinylmania on Carmine Street in the West Village.  They had this young hispanic guy who worked there, well older than me, probably in his mid 20’s, and when I asked him to play a record he would, but then he would play a few more that he would recommend I buy.  Most of the time these were imports and were twice the price of the regular 12 inch singles.  And a lot of the time I didn’t even like the songs, but somehow he would convince me to buy them.  Sure enough after a week of listening to them, they grew on me immensely and a month or two later they were always the top songs in the clubs and on the radio.  This happened week after week and finally I stopped doubting his recommendations and as a result of that I was always the DJ with the best new stuff.  This experience was very relatable to that episode in that because of his knowledge and recommendations, which you didn’t get at the bigger stores like Tower Records, I was always able to have the best new music, much in the way Krukowski was able to hear that band from Japan because of the recommendations of the people at Forced Exposure.  In addition, had it been an algorithm that was deciding what new music I was gonna buy, I probably wouldn’t have found all those great up and coming hits. And that’s because they weren’t always that similar to the songs I had known up until that point.  Yes it was the same genre, but these recommended songs always were unique and maybe they wouldn’t have come up when I was searching for new music.  And even if they did, I probably wouldn’t have purchased them, because if you remember this gentleman always had to convince me to buy them.  Funny thing is this gentleman, Pal Joey, eventually became a pretty big house music record producer as well as producing some records for legendary Hip Hop artists such as BDP and MC Lyte.  So after googling his name it turns out many people had the same experience that I had, as is illustrated in the following article.

Pal Joey: A Fairy Tale Of New York

Pal Joey may be the most underrated house producer on the scene, but a newly released retrospective compilation could finally bring his music to a wider audience after 25 years in the game. We live in a time when success in electronic music can come as easily as a cracked download, a good idea and catching the hype at the right time.

discussion question #7

Episode 5. Power

-At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.) What is he trying to get at with this question? How does music indicate the differences between the powerful and the marginalized?

The online music platform has has dominate music industry because of how easy to excess than going to buy at store. what has been rejected or record people don’t listen could find store. He is trying to convince, going to record store can get more information and experience.

How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?

Online platform such as Spotify, they do recommendation close to individual interesest and let decide themselves. Forced Exposure it pressure to listen or show something that individual have no interest and they do so without individual interest.

What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?

Online music platform suggest music of listener taste which doesn’t surprise, on the other hand music discover is something found new which surprises.

Episode 6, Noise

-According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is signal? Why are these distinctions important?

Krukowski mention The sound of noise is indestructible, if you  turn up volume you turn the noise. On other hand signal could eliminate the noise around, if you turn up the volume you turn up signal.

What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant?

How noise is inevitable and it break through signal. It is significant because noise is something we people daily deal with and it  is  everywhere.

How does this episode relate to other episodes? 

This episode also share the concept of how the switch of analog to digital have impact to  ways of hearing, How people hear noise and signal and how it had a  impact on them .

 

 

 

Discussion question #7

 


 


’Episode 5

  1. At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.    krukowski, refers to the fact that due to digital platforms today many songs are not listened to and are marginalized by music platforms such as Spotifi, due to algorithms that help popular songs always stay on the most listened to music charts. Being the first option for listeners, that is why we almost always end up listening to the same genre and we cannot discover new music that perhaps we would like more.Krukowski will discover that if music were not marginalized, the listener could discover a wide variety of new options and change their experience with music.
  2. How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?  The experiences it offers are very different, on the one hand Force Exposure offers the possibility of discovering a great variety of unknown music and artists and on the other hand Spotify works with algorithms that somehow guide the listener to what they should listen to, removing the possibility of finding new artists or new music. They always recommend songs or the most popular songs are at the beginning of all playlists making it difficult for new artists to share their music.
  3.  What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?  Being surprised by music means listening to something different that you did not expect to hear it like mixes in the song, effects, among others, discovering music means finding new genres or artists that you do not know and that can provide a different experience from the established one. Because digital platforms today try to control internet freedom using logarithms, making listeners’ choice more predictable with music, so they often end up hearing the same.    thing.

Episode 6

1.According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is a signal? Why are these distinctions important? Noise means all the sound around us from the smallest to the loudest, even if we are not paying attention to it is considered noise, instead a signal is a sound that stands out from the rest and that our mind focuses, we pay attention to that well we are interested. It is important because even though the two are picked up by our ears, the noise is often overlooked by our mind to focus on the signal we want to hear.
2. What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant This episode is about noise and signal. It highlights that it is important to know their difference and because one is more listened to than the other in the sense that the listener pays attention to that type of sound. In a recording studio, you play with the sounds and reduce the noise that prevents the signal from being picked up by the listener and thus obtain a clear message without having to be bothered by external noise.
3.How does this episode relate to other episodes?

It is related to the other episodes because it shows parts of the music production in the recording studio and how it interacts on digital platforms since each episode was intended to analyze how new technology changes the way we see music in different aspects that each episode covered. .

Discussion #7

 

  1.  Krukowski suggests at the beginning of the episode when he states  “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment”  suggests that those in power, or rather the majority, are who decide what is represented in digital media.
  2. These are different because they can be used for positive influences rather than have a negative impact on the public.
  3. The difference is that when you are surprised by new music, it is something you have stumbled upon, whereas discovering new music is when you search for new music within a genre or a certain theme.

Episode 6

  1.  According to Krukowski, noise is dependent on the person, Is any sound that does not relay information but is instead a distraction. Signals on the other hand transmit information to the listener.
  2. The central idea of noise is that is subjective to the listener, and that noise to one person may not be noise to another.
  3. This episode relates to other episodes since noise and signals are a new change that is moderately new in technology, and is prevalent now in all forms of media that contain sound.

Discussion question 7

EPISODE 5

  1. At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski is explaining how some music is accepted for some people and rejected by others. By “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” he means that this music which are being rejected could be of a good source of art to society.

 2.  Forced exposure has the responsibility to listen and also write about all new music arrivals. They release a catalog that describes every record in detail. On the contrary, platforms like Spotify, Apple music and Pandora are not listening to each their song, it is impossible Krukowski says. It is done by computers using music algorithms. I think that what digital music platforms are doing is positive to the artist which music is being rejected. Platforms like Spotify give these artist the chance of being known by others.

3. Being surprise according to Krukowski is that people are experiencing a new type of music without the need of searching for an specific kind of music. On the other hand, to discover something is to look for that specifically. However, your can be surprised by a song you discover, for example it could be better or worst that what you expected.

EPISODE 6

  1.  Signal is whatever is interest to us, everything else is noise. Everything around us is noise as long as it is not important to us, however is we are in a crowded noise an someone says something of our interest then it becomes a signal. I think these differences are important because our brain focuses on what we actually want to hear and is less probable to be distracted by the surrounding noise.
  2. I think that the central idea is that in every noise there is a signal for everyone depending on the listener interest.
  3. It is related to all other episodes because it gives a general explanation and definition of “ways of hearing” in general.

Sonic Example #2

Not all people in this nation living in this nation living in a loud location, the majority of them want to live in a serene place with trees and fresh air and we all know most of the time we can focus and believe thoroughly in a peaceful place. Sound pollution can be specified as undesirable or offending noise that unreasonably intrude into our everyday activities. We have always faced noise pollution in too many forms such as car honks, drilling, traffic noise, planes, barking dogs and too many things. Noise is an unwanted effect on signals. It is added on to signal due to many natural reasons as it travels through a medium. Moreover, it can randomly fluctuate the value of signals and disturbs the process of revealing the information sent through a signal. So, this distraction can cause declines to one’s sense of wellbeing. Therefore, they would spend much more time trying to get what they are reading or what they are studying. What’s more, sleeping can be affected by noise. It is a common offender interrupting sleep and it causes both primary and secondary sleep disturbance. Primary effects have difficulties in in falling asleep, awakenings and differences of sleep patterns. The secondary effects are interrupted sleep including fatigue and decreased the wellbeing performance. EMILY THOMPSON’S idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to control interior spaces. As said “Modern problems requires modern solutions”, people started using soundproof rooms for noisy machines in industrial and manufacturing installations. This helped them to concentrate more while studying, reading or trying to sleep.

Discussion Post #6

  1. According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

The main difference between a microphone and a cellphone is with what it relays. A microphone relays back all sound that it receives, through all proximity. A cellphone, however, has a very small range and its main purpose is to allow two parties to talk to one another. This means a microphone has more vocal capabilities when it comes to proximity and emotion.

2. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

 

Our voices are compressed when they are transmitted digitally, this limits the feel of our voice and the emotion that’s carried with it. When the range of our voices and proximity are compressed, the musical qualities of it are lost, and our voices lose the genuine feel of it.

 

3.  What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

The digital transmission has connected the entire world together, where all you need is a device and a connection to speak to anyone, however, over the years, the quality has declined when it comes to the voice that’s transmitted.

Episode 4

  1. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion on this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?

I think music should not have to be paid for, the fame and price of performing live should be enough for a musician. Music are the end of the day is just luxury not a necessity, therefore should have the price based by the consumer not the seller.

2.  How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

Music develops culture, which is important to a community’s identity and soul. Music is an expression of people and connects people based on common ideas and struggles.

Discussion question #6

1.According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

Krukowski says that the sound in cell phones is different because their microphones pick up the sound but the phone does not transmit the same sound as it reduces unnecessary sounds such as external noise or breathing, that is why he says that our voice has lost feeling through the cell phone. I change in a microphone all the details of our voice are captured allowing us to give some kind of feeling to what we are saying, an example when singing artists approach or move away from the microphone to create depth to what they are singing and this creates in the I publish confidence with what they are listening to.

2. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

He affirms that when digitally transmitted our voice loses non-verbal qualities and the musical quality of our voice changes, in the same way the feelings that are transmitted in the voice are not encoded and the feelings of the message are lost.

3. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection? 

Thanks to digital tools, it is possible to communicate over great distances, allowing people and communities to unite, although our voice is not transmitted with the emotions that are said, it is possible to create one between communities through the voice that can travel great distances.

4. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?

I think that music should not be free unless the author wants it, because the work that is needed to produce a recording must be recognized, also music transmits emotions and creates feelings being great works of art by the artist must have a price just to hear it.

5. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture? 

It shows the relationship that exists between each one of them and the advantages that technology has, but it also shows us how the emotions of our voice are not transmitted by digital coding, despite this, it has allowed us to unite communities and strengthen the culture that each one It represents

  1. Does charging money for music impede the formation of communities around this music or does it help support the circulation of music? 

Each cultural community has a type of music that characterizes it, the formation of new communities will not be affected by having to pay something for the music, because if the music allows the formation of communities, the community will work so that the music is within reach from them.

Discussion question #6

Episode 3

– According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?       

The main difference between microphone and cell phone  according to Krukowski is that microphone has proximity effect and cell phone doesn’t because it have switched to  digital. He mention that cell phone don’t transmit the full sound that picked up by mic, instead it eliminate the sound which pick by engineer.

What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

Digital help spread our word to the distance but they fail us in many ways. we tried to communicate one to one, not only we left hanging, speaking to air one hand and listening to the  nothing in the other but even as all working as supposed to, the sound of digital voice is limited it is striped to that minimum we need to recognize a voice and decode its word, word don’t say everything, Gary mention that on his his term “They are musically absences at the heart of language we are at the heart of language, we are musical beings, as much as linguistic ones”.

– What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

Through digital our sounds has reached  many communities but it has failed us with one to one communication.

Episode 4

-Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay? 

In my opinion music shouldn’t be freely available because to produce music needs lot of time and cost money. Music has become a business where some people make their living. Even paying  a Quarter to play a music from machine is understandible because that machine produce a source of income to the owner.  Furthermore artist has spent huge amount of money to produce music and it required labor such as music editor, videographer and many more. For an artist produce music has been there job and every job is required to pay.

How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

Music has reached  many  communities through  digital. Music have been perform in different country with their own style. Different cultural have their own style in music and people have express their cultural through music. Widespread of music shared  cultural to other community .