Author Archives: Michael Guaman

Discussion question #7



’Episode 5

  1. At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.    krukowski, refers to the fact that due to digital platforms today many songs are not listened to and are marginalized by music platforms such as Spotifi, due to algorithms that help popular songs always stay on the most listened to music charts. Being the first option for listeners, that is why we almost always end up listening to the same genre and we cannot discover new music that perhaps we would like more.Krukowski will discover that if music were not marginalized, the listener could discover a wide variety of new options and change their experience with music.
  2. How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?  The experiences it offers are very different, on the one hand Force Exposure offers the possibility of discovering a great variety of unknown music and artists and on the other hand Spotify works with algorithms that somehow guide the listener to what they should listen to, removing the possibility of finding new artists or new music. They always recommend songs or the most popular songs are at the beginning of all playlists making it difficult for new artists to share their music.
  3.  What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?  Being surprised by music means listening to something different that you did not expect to hear it like mixes in the song, effects, among others, discovering music means finding new genres or artists that you do not know and that can provide a different experience from the established one. Because digital platforms today try to control internet freedom using logarithms, making listeners’ choice more predictable with music, so they often end up hearing the same.    thing.

Episode 6

1.According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is a signal? Why are these distinctions important? Noise means all the sound around us from the smallest to the loudest, even if we are not paying attention to it is considered noise, instead a signal is a sound that stands out from the rest and that our mind focuses, we pay attention to that well we are interested. It is important because even though the two are picked up by our ears, the noise is often overlooked by our mind to focus on the signal we want to hear.
2. What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant This episode is about noise and signal. It highlights that it is important to know their difference and because one is more listened to than the other in the sense that the listener pays attention to that type of sound. In a recording studio, you play with the sounds and reduce the noise that prevents the signal from being picked up by the listener and thus obtain a clear message without having to be bothered by external noise.
3.How does this episode relate to other episodes?

It is related to the other episodes because it shows parts of the music production in the recording studio and how it interacts on digital platforms since each episode was intended to analyze how new technology changes the way we see music in different aspects that each episode covered. .

Discussion question #6

1.According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

Krukowski says that the sound in cell phones is different because their microphones pick up the sound but the phone does not transmit the same sound as it reduces unnecessary sounds such as external noise or breathing, that is why he says that our voice has lost feeling through the cell phone. I change in a microphone all the details of our voice are captured allowing us to give some kind of feeling to what we are saying, an example when singing artists approach or move away from the microphone to create depth to what they are singing and this creates in the I publish confidence with what they are listening to.

2. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

He affirms that when digitally transmitted our voice loses non-verbal qualities and the musical quality of our voice changes, in the same way the feelings that are transmitted in the voice are not encoded and the feelings of the message are lost.

3. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection? 

Thanks to digital tools, it is possible to communicate over great distances, allowing people and communities to unite, although our voice is not transmitted with the emotions that are said, it is possible to create one between communities through the voice that can travel great distances.

4. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?

I think that music should not be free unless the author wants it, because the work that is needed to produce a recording must be recognized, also music transmits emotions and creates feelings being great works of art by the artist must have a price just to hear it.

5. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture? 

It shows the relationship that exists between each one of them and the advantages that technology has, but it also shows us how the emotions of our voice are not transmitted by digital coding, despite this, it has allowed us to unite communities and strengthen the culture that each one It represents

  1. Does charging money for music impede the formation of communities around this music or does it help support the circulation of music? 

Each cultural community has a type of music that characterizes it, the formation of new communities will not be affected by having to pay something for the music, because if the music allows the formation of communities, the community will work so that the music is within reach from them.

blog post #4


Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.

I chose this video because it demonstrates in some way the manipulation of digital time and the importance of sound, in this case they are artists who make sounds for movies, looking at the screen all the time, the producers play with the recording time, they move it second by second to be able to have the correct sounds for filming. Sound allows the mind to relate what we hear to our memories to that sound.

Discussion question #5

  1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?Real time is what we live and experience in our lives. Each moment has a meaning and we feel it in us. Instead the digital time is elaborated, because in a recording studio you can play with the time of a sound or a recording, even something can be undone. These differences are important because it does not recognize how the experience that real time gives is lost in digital time.
  2. What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?Through the sounds we can realize where we are, in other words we can discover a location by the sounds that we perceive and relate them in our minds. But it also depends a lot on the relationship that we have with the sound, because we can be walking listening to music but if we like this music, our mind will be focused on the sound but not on the walk nor will it remember the surroundings where it was.
  3. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?He means that companies like Astros Place use delicate and strategic ways to avoid attracting attention when they invade public spaces, as they include improvements to the place but with rules implemented to the public place. Jeremiah says that a public place is a space where people can express themselves freely without expecting to follow rules established by certain authorities. This is important because it worries that people do not realize that many companies invade the public space because many times they are concerned about other matters and lose themselves in the change that is happening around us.
  4. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones? As the noise in the city increased by the construction of new spaces and means of transport, the sound of trains, people were uncomfortable with all the sound that was beginning to be created, they felt that they lost their tranquility and wanted places free of that frustrating noise that is why the idea of controlling noise was born, then concert halls were created where they would enjoy sound. According to Krukowski, the idea of creating headphones is the desire of people to create their own space where they avoid external noise.
  5. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space?. The sounds allow to create different spaces from the real one because often in the city people avoid noise using headphones, they listen to their music transporting themselves to a different environment and they disconnect from reality and from the experiences that real time can provide.

Discussion questions#4

Discussion question #4 


  1. It influences consumers because it presents a different reality, saying that if we acquire this product our life will be different, it also persuades dreams, or a way of life that we aspire to but still do not achieve.
  2. Because they show what oil painting is about, although it has some things in common the two project different realities. Which reveals the illusion that by consuming our lives it will be better, in addition it also treats problems such as the anxiety for money that allows you to achieve glamor and prestige. Even according to Berger, while a man has more possessions, his virality increases, this is one of the promises of advertising.
  3. For example, the dream of the skin many advertisementsuses the body of clean skins and dreams for sensitive consumers to buy clothes and lingerie that apparently will make her look more beautiful and happier. Also, the purchase of makeup or creams that give women an air of prestige and glamor. 

how art can help us analyze discussion #1

According to the video, art is not only found in museums, and it is not necessary to be an expert to know how to analyze it and understand the artist’s work, art is found in everything around us, but you need to be an observer because that is An important point to recognize the art also in the video presents the idea that you need a moment of patience and look at the work and think about what the artist wanted to convey with his work. The art then helps us to be more observant to the details, work and intention that the artist produces, through our experiences we can further develop these skills and practice them more naturally.

Blog post #3

Blog Post #3



For this blog post I would like you to use the material about prewriting and writing opening paragraphs and do the following:


  1. Briefly answer these questions from Chapter 2 Prewriting in English Composition: Connect, Collaborate, Communicate:

Planning Based on Audience and Purpose

Identifying the target audience and purpose of an essay is a critical part of planning the structure and techniques that are best to use. It’s important to consider the following:

  • Is the the purpose of the essay to educate, announce, entertain, or persuade?

It has the purpose of educating the reader by showing the problem that Kiana went through when writing an essay, shows in details that she needed more help, also explains how she felt when writing and presents as a solution not to focus only on the first draft but rather to do a prewriting job.


  • Who might be interested in the topic of the essay?

Students who need help writing their essays, those who suffer that after a paragraph they have nothing more to say.


  • Who would be impacted by the essay or the information within it?

As mentioned above, students or people who like to write but do not have enough knowledge to develop their ideas and translate them into a well-executed essay and varied vocabulary.


  • What does the reader know about this topic?

Knows the causes of a poorly conducted essay and what is needed to correct those errors and improve the development of a essay.


  • What does the reader need to know in order to understand the essay’s points?

You need to know that the writer must develop a clear thesis and ideas that support the thesis throughout the text


  • What kind of hook is necessary to engage the readers and their interest?

One of personal experience so the reader will feel identified with the story and will be more interested in the development of the essay


  • What level of language is required? Words that are too subject-specific may make the writing difficult to grasp for readers unfamiliar with the topic.

In these types of essays, a neutral language not so sophisticated is required so that the reader can easily understand the message.


  • What is an appropriate tone for the topic? A humorous tone that is suitable for an autobiographical, narrative essay may not work for a more serious, persuasive essay.

The tone should be persuasive as it shows the reader what to do in order to write an essay correctly


  1. Write a draft of your opening paragraph based on Chpter 2 Opening Paragraphs from English Composition: Connect, Collaborate, Communicate


In the article , “Praising Effort or Performance?”, the author states that electronic devices are a distraction for students. She says scores in school are not enough to achieve success. Also, parents should change the way they perceive raising kids to succeed in life. In addition, the author states that it’s better encourage children’s effort and teach them life skills. Instead of encourage their academic performance. I agree with the author because academy success prepares you for the test, but life skills prepares you for life.


The image performs the work because it is related to the text of the image, it presents two different situations such as the situation of countries at war or internal conflicts represented in this case by the burning house (Middle East) and on the other hand the Animals across the street relaxed and looking represent the United States and Europe, countries better positioned economically and in good condition. It is a genuine way of presenting these problems of great magnitude and in a way the observer relates it and understands the message that is clear and precise.

Why Art Matters blog #1

Logic, clarity, precision .These are the three standards that the Why Art Matters video shows, in the video they clearly indicate examples of art and how images communicate ideas, art being a way of expressing a message.
I think the narrator also uses logic to imply that art is not only found in exclusive places such as museums but rather is in our day to day, in the neighborhood in which we live, the buildings that surround us and our environment usually.
In the same way, another narrator highlights the precision of the definition of art and knowing how to notice it is the most important thing to appreciate and understand the message.

In summary, the video says that art is everywhere, you need precision to notice it but also time to stop and look at the details of what you are seeing, recognize the artist’s work and understand the message that he transmits with his work.