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Blog Post 5

Back then we only had a few types of songs about love, drama, and sadness. in that time people really loved these songs and didn’t want to change something or even create another new type to listen and attract the fans. finally, in 1980 a new genre started called Rap, it was released in the Bronx. Most of these people didn’t like to hear a new type. Whoever wanted to show himself to the people and went to sing in bars, concerts, and even parties. the police used to arrest them and the owner of the Bar used to kick them out it’s because they didn’t accept to hear a new type song. nowadays, everyone, color, and even edge listens to the Rap and prefers it to others.

Sonic Example

In the first episode of Ways of Hearing, Krukowski talks about how we can change the pace of a sound on a digital platform. We can increase the pace of a sound 2 times, and make the speaker sound like a maniac, or we can decrease it in the same amount and make the speaker sounds like a drunk person. Similarly, we can do the same thing with the songs to make them reflect another emotion. For example, the music of ”Hababam Sınıfı”, which is a Turkish movie, adjusted like this. We can hear the same music in both sad scenes and funny scenes. The only difference is the pace of it. They use the slow version for the emotional scenes and the fast version for the happy and funny scenes. And, this makes the music even more special. I think this is one of the gifts that the digital world provides us.

Efsane Hababam Sınıfı Fon Müziği (HD)

Videoyu Beğenmeyi ve Kanala Abone Olmayı Unutmayınız.

Discussion 6

Episode 3

1. According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

The main difference is that microphones are analog, and cellphones are digital. The problem with digital is that to send information it needs to be compressed to be transmitted. When audio data is compressed, it has a lot of information lost that computer engineers didn’t think was necessary, which reduces the sound quality.

2. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

Before human language we had musical utterances, Gary even thinks that memory of musical utterances is part of our genetics. Digital transmission is better at only sending the words and the musical quality can be lost.

3. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

Online communication helps us connect from long distances. But while we are making use of these communication equipment, we lost quality of that connection when the range of sounds in our voice is limited and sometimes the connection is dropped.

Episode 4
4. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?

I believe that music should be available for everybody for a fair price. Because it would be a disrespect for the professionals in that area if they don’t get any money from their job.

5. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

It discusses the value of music and separates it from the value of the technology its associated with. It discusses music sharing and how that impacts the economy of the music industry, and how it changed how people think about the transfer of music information. It also discusses how different cultures use music technology differently, like the Berber people of north Africa and their fascination with autotune.

Sonic example


The appropriate sound level of music is not easy to calibrate. Some songs sound best when they are played at full volume, while other songs are meant to be played softly with just the right amount of sound. We’ve all been in an elevator with someone who plays music through their headphones like they’ve already gone deaf, and more often than not, it becomes a nuisance. But are they purposely playing the music loudly because they like the music loud, or is that music simply meant – through its creation – to be just as loud.  After listening to the album version, however, I realized that much of what I liked about the song came from the kind of bad, buzzy recording quality of the youtube version. While I suppose some might argue that the studio version, what the artist intended you to hear, should be the best version, I disagree and think that sometimes a live version or remix might make the song better even if it is worse “quality”.Sound production didn’t take over the tension/release role in pop songs overnight. Over the last couple of decades, there has been a ‘crossfade’ between tonal functions and sonic functions.As sound production became more and more dominant in shaping the musical roller coaster in pop songs, the role of tonal functions was gradually weakened. I can’t identify a specific turning point, but I can point to specific songs and albums that triggered my awareness of this process.

Discussion question 6

Episode 3

  1. According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

A microphone technology record your voice on a way which you can control your breath and avoid unwanted sounds. The proximity effect refers to whether the singer records close to the microphone, which exaggerates the base of your voice and makes it sound deep or when you back away from the microphone, it high light the clearer tone of your voice. A cellphone is an instrument which was created to exchange a message, is used as a “you say, I say” way of speaking rather than to transmit a feeling to the listener which is the effect that a microphone provides. When speaking on the cellphone there is no proximity effect as in the microphone, also there is no way to avoid the background noise.

2.What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission? 

They agree on Gary’s phrase in which he says “there are musical absences at the heart of a language, we are musical beings as much as linguistics ones”. They discuss on the fact that linguistics professors nowadays focus on syntax and grammar and leave out the musical aspect of languages.  Tomlinson explains that if you leave this aspects out you are leaving the overlapping part which is so important. In the digital transmission the non verbal quality of their voices tend to get lost on the coding. To make their voices perceivable on the over end, the sound of our voice is limited,

3. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

He comments that “digital tools make it possible to share our words at great distances, but they fail us in so many ways as we try to communicate on to one, not only are we often left hanging, speaking into the air in one end and listening to nothing at the other and even when it is working as it’s supposed to the sound of our voice over digital lines is limited…” with this said, we are able to communicate with other thanks to digital network but it does not allow us to transmit a feeling or a mood as we may want to.

Episode 4

4. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay? 

Krukowski says he is worry about the quality of the sharing, he refers to the sound, the media they are sharing together. I think that somehow music is free but pays at the same time. We have the ability to access any songs we want for free via YouTube and other applications which allow us to download it to our devices, but also there are many other applications in which a payment is required. People who pay for music are contributing to the artist business which is a positive aspect of music. Artist spend their time and money to produce their music so it can be provided to their public. With that said, it gives us reason to think that music shouldn’t be for free. On the other hand, if you do not have the money to pay for music you do not have to, there are many ways which music can be access freely.

5. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

Music, community and culture are related depending on people’s like. Everyone have different like and communities divide to the music they like the most and create their own culture.

6. Does charging money for music impede the formation of communities around this music or does it help support the circulation of music?

I think the money music is charge helps support the circulation of music. Music production is not free, it takes time and producers charge a price for producing a song. In fact, not everyone has money to pay for music but to be an artist is consider as a career, a job which should not be offer for free.

Episode 1


Krukowski sent a persuasive case in the new analog listening and reconnecting in a Digital World. He systematically traces the history and evolution of sound and digital encroachment, he determines that the obsolescence of analog based audio plays a bigger than expected role in the evolution of society. In the digital age, we have become self centered, antisocial drones increasingly unaware of the world around us. Analog recording is like an accident in other ways On tape, there was no undo. We could try again if we had the time and money, but we couldn’t move backwards. What is done is done. For better and worse.What we lost analog is better or digital is better. His own understanding is he doesn’t believe that analog is old and digital is new because digital is not only new. Digital may be as old as humankind. This is computer logic. Digital is pre electronic. Analog is not only old because our body is analog ours ears are analog our eyes are analog, our sense of touch is analog . Digital music is downloading it or streaming it off a site. Speaker is an analog device. our technology is a communication tool, we can not hear digital music. Computers and devices can use digital information to exchange. 

2 . When we listen on a speaker like radio. We are listening music on both ear at the same time. This sound is moving in space. When we are listening to music in cub ways and cars . we hear that music with both ears. Other people listen in same time. Furthermore we also moving different sense of our relationship in space to the sound. When we lasting on a speaker we listening to music in both ears at the same time. When we are  Moving to ear bud or head phone, we heard only right channel is right ear and left channel is left ear. We no longer hear one sound in both ear. That means my right ear does not hear the sound that my left ear hears. That removes the way that we locate sounds in space. Our Earbuds lose our stereo hearing. Nobody can locate a sound directly in front People listening music in ear bud think sound come from inside their head. Speaker sound comes outside. Stereo hearing is location hearing and ear buds split our sense of location from our sense of hearing. When we are walking on the street and using ear buds, we may notice that our body language is slightly different than others who are walking responding to the sound around them. We are making a space of our own. Even we are in public space.

Episode 2

1.Jeremiah Moss argues about how A great city lost its soul. the  developers in Astor place are privatizing public space in a very stealth way. He says that the city is suffering a hyper gentrification that means our neighborhoods are being changed slowly, being privatized for example Astor Place it’s a public place but it becomes privatized. He states that dirty city privatized public space tends to reinforce social inequality . Astor Place was rebuilt and architecture     removed part of the street, widened the central square, planted trees, put in concrete slab seating, and tables with umbrellas. It is now used by corporations like IBM and Citibank to hold “advertisement” events. I’m pretty sure this is a prime example of zombie barbarianism.

 2.In the 1920 , when the cities were crowded, vehicles were noisy. People are using elevators to get into the subway, it is difficult for people who are not used to it. Emily Thompson explains that the efforts to control sound in the streets lead to another set of changes to control interior spaces as concert halls with noise insulating walls . Architecture reduces the vibration , so the people can fully enjoy the concerts without interference from outside. Krukowski argues that controlling sound is considered noise to relevant people wearing headphones. People are able to hear music in large halls like Radio City.

  1. Kruskpwski’s overall message that digital technology is shaping and impacting the mind to the detriment of the shared human how we understand sound and how we listen to the forms of sound around us. The medium of digital technology is influencing people’s ways of hearing. We should listen to sound from space, we have to listen to what’s going on around the world.

blog #4

5 Minutes to Relax: Rain | Soothing Rain Sounds for Sleep, Relaxation, Meditation, Calm Down (5013)

You need some relaxation, but have only 5 minutes? Enjoy the relaxing nature sound of gentle rain and watch the beautiful videos of raining moments. Listen t…

Sound has been a big part of my life for relaxation, enjoyment and avoid the noise from surrounding. One of the example i posted above the sound of rain drizzle, I played this sound every night before I go to bed. Not just this sound gives me relaxation and it also nostalgic. I was born in Dharamshala , India. Over there it always rain, Since i was little child I used to fall sleep through sound of rain and still I need that sound because I’m used to it and can’t fall sleep  without it. therefore this sound carry a heavy weight in my life.

Furthermore sound also helps me avoid noise from my neighbor. Every weekend my neighbor had party and they blast music from early morning to night dark which is frustrating because those are my only  day off. The loud music annoys me but it could be joyful to some. What i meant to say is sound could be pleasant or noise, it depends to the listener.

blog post #4


Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.

I chose this video because it demonstrates in some way the manipulation of digital time and the importance of sound, in this case they are artists who make sounds for movies, looking at the screen all the time, the producers play with the recording time, they move it second by second to be able to have the correct sounds for filming. Sound allows the mind to relate what we hear to our memories to that sound.

discussion #5

-What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?      Krukowski’s describe the real world as a live time and digital time as a machine time. The real world people could listen at time and digital time people can change the way how they want to hear it for instance making it slow motion or fast forward.

-What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space       

Listening the sounds of your surrounding can gives understanding what’s happening around you and it could help lead the way.

Episode 2

– In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?

He mention that people in Tokyo pretend they are sleeping to avoid eye contact and privatizing themselves and people in New York wear head phones to avoid the surrounding noise where speaker says avoiding ear contact. Moss mention that people who are on their phone and walking by the street are they really thier and he also goes saying that those people create the private bubble.

-What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones? 

The concert hall is build to  avoid unwanted noise and provide people what they wanted to hear. Same as an earbuds and headphones the sound it within the inside ear and people can avoid the surrounding sounds.

-In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space

HyperGentrification  has created more noise pollution such example given in episode , more cars and more people doing the rush hour creating loud noise. Listening to sounds around can help understand  where you at on the map and help navigate.

Blog Post 4

I’ve been a big fan of rap from when I was a little kid, which was hard growing up in Egypt since no one really made any rap songs in the country then. My brother and I would go to the internet cafe with blank CDs, and illegally download whatever song had a good title by an artist we loved.  In “Time in the ways of hearing” by Damon Krukowshi, it mentioned how digital music can be reused and repurposed. That is exactly how the rise of rap started in Egypt. Many unknown rappers who had no followings at all would simply take the beat of an American rap song, and either translate it or rap a new song over the beat. By repurposing the song, rap became more acceptable in Egypt, and today it is the number one genre in the country, while also the top genre in the entire Middle East.