As our day goes on we hear many noises that are not important to us. At some point, this noises will become interesting, annoying or not important at all. But when you leave in an apartment building with other neighbors living on the following floor of your apartment sometimes we find ourselves being annoyed by noises which are not even important to us. How can we pay attention to a noise if it is not a signal, on the contrary you wish not to hear that noise. For example, while I am trying to complete my class assignments right now, my neighbor on the fifth floor seems to be throwing all his/her furniture on the floor. On the other hand, I can say that I am used to noise. There is a construction right next to my window in which they make a lot of noise at 7:00 AM but somehow this noise is not bothering me. What I am trying to say, is there a signal on the noise that my neighbor is making right now but not on the noise of the construction?
- At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski is explaining how some music is accepted for some people and rejected by others. By “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” he means that this music which are being rejected could be of a good source of art to society.
2. Forced exposure has the responsibility to listen and also write about all new music arrivals. They release a catalog that describes every record in detail. On the contrary, platforms like Spotify, Apple music and Pandora are not listening to each their song, it is impossible Krukowski says. It is done by computers using music algorithms. I think that what digital music platforms are doing is positive to the artist which music is being rejected. Platforms like Spotify give these artist the chance of being known by others.
3. Being surprise according to Krukowski is that people are experiencing a new type of music without the need of searching for an specific kind of music. On the other hand, to discover something is to look for that specifically. However, your can be surprised by a song you discover, for example it could be better or worst that what you expected.
- Signal is whatever is interest to us, everything else is noise. Everything around us is noise as long as it is not important to us, however is we are in a crowded noise an someone says something of our interest then it becomes a signal. I think these differences are important because our brain focuses on what we actually want to hear and is less probable to be distracted by the surrounding noise.
- I think that the central idea is that in every noise there is a signal for everyone depending on the listener interest.
- It is related to all other episodes because it gives a general explanation and definition of “ways of hearing” in general.
- According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?
A microphone technology record your voice on a way which you can control your breath and avoid unwanted sounds. The proximity effect refers to whether the singer records close to the microphone, which exaggerates the base of your voice and makes it sound deep or when you back away from the microphone, it high light the clearer tone of your voice. A cellphone is an instrument which was created to exchange a message, is used as a “you say, I say” way of speaking rather than to transmit a feeling to the listener which is the effect that a microphone provides. When speaking on the cellphone there is no proximity effect as in the microphone, also there is no way to avoid the background noise.
2.What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?
They agree on Gary’s phrase in which he says “there are musical absences at the heart of a language, we are musical beings as much as linguistics ones”. They discuss on the fact that linguistics professors nowadays focus on syntax and grammar and leave out the musical aspect of languages. Tomlinson explains that if you leave this aspects out you are leaving the overlapping part which is so important. In the digital transmission the non verbal quality of their voices tend to get lost on the coding. To make their voices perceivable on the over end, the sound of our voice is limited,
3. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?
He comments that “digital tools make it possible to share our words at great distances, but they fail us in so many ways as we try to communicate on to one, not only are we often left hanging, speaking into the air in one end and listening to nothing at the other and even when it is working as it’s supposed to the sound of our voice over digital lines is limited…” with this said, we are able to communicate with other thanks to digital network but it does not allow us to transmit a feeling or a mood as we may want to.
4. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?
Krukowski says he is worry about the quality of the sharing, he refers to the sound, the media they are sharing together. I think that somehow music is free but pays at the same time. We have the ability to access any songs we want for free via YouTube and other applications which allow us to download it to our devices, but also there are many other applications in which a payment is required. People who pay for music are contributing to the artist business which is a positive aspect of music. Artist spend their time and money to produce their music so it can be provided to their public. With that said, it gives us reason to think that music shouldn’t be for free. On the other hand, if you do not have the money to pay for music you do not have to, there are many ways which music can be access freely.
5. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?
Music, community and culture are related depending on people’s like. Everyone have different like and communities divide to the music they like the most and create their own culture.
6. Does charging money for music impede the formation of communities around this music or does it help support the circulation of music?
I think the money music is charge helps support the circulation of music. Music production is not free, it takes time and producers charge a price for producing a song. In fact, not everyone has money to pay for music but to be an artist is consider as a career, a job which should not be offer for free.
We live in a city where there is noise and crowd most of the time. However, there are also times and places which offer us a relaxing sound of nature. Most people refer to nature as silent but it also offers an spontaneous sound of the air blowing through the trees or a beautiful concert of the birds which are around us. I am a fan of what nature has to give us. I enjoy the simplicity of the rain falling on the ground and see how the flowers, trees and birds take advantage of that. As other people use headphones to relax or distract themselves from the outside world, I do the opposite as them to obtain the same benefits. I feel is stressful sometimes to wear headphones all the time. Is more acceptable to use headphones or earbuds on the train not to listen to the noise of the train and people around us but it is also more relaxing to me to walk or sit somewhere like at the park and look at what is around me.
- What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?
Real world time is the time we live, our present is our time. Attach to the clock which indicated the time as our everyday current time. Digital time is variable and flexible. On a digital studio, time is used to re-do, re-shape sounds, rhythms, etc. “time is experience, not counted like a clock” meaning that what we hear influences on time even thought we still see twelve hours on the clock. Digital time is how a song, instrument or voices speeds up or slow down on performance or a recording.
- What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?
I think that what we listen influences the way we see our surrounding and/or people around us. For example, if we are in the subway with our headphones on listening to our favorite song, we may not notice all the dirt, mice and trash that could be around us. However, this is not 100% true. But if we go in the subway, without music and all we hear is the noise of the train approaching and people around you will look more closely at your surroundings, you will be more tend to notice what is going on around you.
- In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?
“privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” To my understanding he means that public spaces are being legally stolen. Moss refers to the example of a public spaces which was privatize by installing tables and umbrellas for people to seat and prohibit activities such as skate boarding. It was converted in a private space, even thought everyone is still allowed to enter the plaza, there are security guards to make sure rules are being follow.
- What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?
Control interior spaces which controls what we hear. Interior spaces where you can only hear whatever is in there, no sound from outside. It can be compared to the use of earbuds and headphones because you totally disconnect from the outside world. You do not hear people around you yell at you maybe because you are walking too slow or because you are on their way. As the silent in Radio city without performance, earbuds can give you the silent you need. You do not hear noise around you but only what you want to hear.
- In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space
I think that people always want their space, whether they are in a private or public space people are using headphones or earbuds most of the time. People like to disconnect from the exterior world and just be themselves for a moment. I found it interesting how sound can influence on us. Lets say if we go in the park just to relax and hear the sound of nature but there is a person with a speaker and a loud music then the experience you were looking for has been interrupted by that particular person.
- According to Berger, advertisement persuade consumers they can transform themselves by buying something more. These models represent glamour and “the state of being envied” to make people acquired their products. These publicity images are different from the reality of their product but they show people what they want to see in order to sell their products.
- Oil painting shows an image as it is, it shows the real feeling of the artist, real possessions and mood in which this painting was made. However, publicity photograph sells something way different than the reality. Publicity as its definition, wants to get the attention from consumes in order to sell. It provides visual attraction to get the consumers attention.
- The concept of “the dream” makes us envy other for their possessions and also their money. Publicity make it look as if money magically appears to make us consume their products and look “glamorous”. The more a person consume the more enviable will be, the more power will posses. The use of this advertisement images manipulates consumers. An image of a women selling a face cream with a radiant skin will make other women consume their product because they envy her flawless skin.
- Is the purpose of the essay to educate, announce, entertain, or persuade?
EDUCATE the audience whom you are writing for by providing detailed examples of the topic in discussion.
- Who might be interested in the topic of the essay?
It can be interesting to students who might be looking for information to complete class assignment, also professor who can provide it as an assignment.
- Who would be impacted by the essay or the information within it?
Students who are searching for reading/writing education.
- What does the reader know about this topic?
Reader must analyze the topic, find the writer’s main point to fully understand the essay and the writer’s main idea
- What does the reader need to know in order to understand the essay’s points?
Reader needs to understand that there are different ways of thinking and examples that can be provided to support the essay’s points in discussion.
- What kind of hook is necessary to engage the readers and their interest?
Provide quality material, public must read a fact and evidence that supports it.
- What level of language is required? Words that are too subject-specific may make the
writing difficult to grasp for readers unfamiliar with the topic.
Simple/detailed language try to summary facts in your own words.
- What is an appropriate tone for the topic? A humorous tone that is suitable for an autobiographical, narrative essay may not work for a more serious, persuasive essay.
The tone used by the writer depends on the topic, an optimist tone is a good fit for an educational essay.
Write a draft of your opening paragraph based on Chapter 3.2 Opening Paragraphs from English Composition: Connect, Collaborate, Communicate
Our country has been impacted with a movement called “BLACK LIVES MATTER” a manifestation which was started after George Floyd was killed in May of this year by a Minneapolis Officer. African American people protested all over the country for weeks until they got justice for their beloved national. What is not different or less important is the disappearance and murder of Vanessa Guillen. A twenty-year-old U.S. Army Soldier with Mexican descendant who was missing since April and killed the same month at the armory room where she worked by one of her U.S. Army partners with a hammer. Her death body was recently found on the previous mentioned location, and I do not see a movement call “HISPANICS LIVES MATTER” or neither seen this on the news or at least not as much as Floyd’s case. In both cases a life was lost, and the same value must be given to them.
1 – Berger uses the example of Kenneth Clark book to explain the difference between “being naked” and “nude” in which Clark says that the nude is a form of art but being naked is simply being without clothes. Berger has different thoughts about it, he explains that “to be Naked is to be oneself and to be nude is to be seen naked by others and yet not recognized for oneself”. This means that a naked person is the one that is peacefully by it self with no public but a nude is the painting of a ‘naked’ person or people who are being seen by other. As John Berger says, I also believe that “nudes” are created from artists for their own pleasure.
2 – According to Berger, Western work of art represent the different roles of a man and women in the society. Women are shown languid, to feed an appetite, not to have any of their own. Females are expressing their desire to satisfy a man needs. Berger uses the example of “The judgement of Paris” painting in which the artist paints a man handing an apple to the women he think is more beautiful. As in nowadays society, beauty represents competition. We are seen by man as fishes in the river, they want to catch the best looking one. Man are seen as more dominant than woman. Most women won’t approach a man even if they are interested on them. Instead we will look submissive and sometimes weaker than man just to call their attention. In conclusion, I think that this pictures represent the reality of man and women roles in today society with the exemption of a few women who in some cases are more dominant than man.
3 – “The mirror became a symbol of women vanity” Berger says. As in the painting, “Susanna and the elders” looks at her self in the mirror to see how she is being seen in the eyes of a man. In the following painting, a women is naked holding a mirror and looking at her self. The mirror is being used as an excuse to blame the women whom has been painted totally naked for the artist pleasure but condemning the women by calling the paint “Vanity”. He related this to “The judgement of Paris” which is transform into a beauty contest. The idea remains the same. Man looking at women and judging them. In today’s society, women are being seen and judged by man. It is as a competition, where beauty and perfection wins. Woman try to look perfect to the eyes of man and not be judged by the society. Make up, plastic surgery, provocative clothes are some of the options that women use nowadays to persuade man.
With the creation of the camera we are able to see things that we do not have in front of us. It gives us the possibility to see art work which could be miles away from us. But not everything is good about the usage of the camera. People are able to reproduce images and add or change things in a painting which is the case of the “meme”. American Gothic by Grant Wood was vandalize by whoever created this meme. As Berger described in the video, it is true that the real meaning is in the eye of the beholder. To me this painting looks as a support for farmers, maybe I am wrong. Also, thanks to the camera and the creation of this meme the painting became popular but what if Wood would not agree with what others have done to his work? Art is already losing it’s meaning by being reproduced by others. This people are creating a business using other people’s job. As I said before, art is a way to express our feeling and I consider that it is disrespectful to create a meme out of such a valuable painting which has been created to be admired and analyzed at a silent and still wall of a museum.
Reproduction of paintings make them loose their value and authenticity. Art is made with an unique, original meaning but by duplicating this image may get a different meaning for each person or no meaning at all. By zooming a recording image of a painting as Berger explained, we get a whole new painting with a whole different meaning.