Discussion question #7



’Episode 5

  1. At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.    krukowski, refers to the fact that due to digital platforms today many songs are not listened to and are marginalized by music platforms such as Spotifi, due to algorithms that help popular songs always stay on the most listened to music charts. Being the first option for listeners, that is why we almost always end up listening to the same genre and we cannot discover new music that perhaps we would like more.Krukowski will discover that if music were not marginalized, the listener could discover a wide variety of new options and change their experience with music.
  2. How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?  The experiences it offers are very different, on the one hand Force Exposure offers the possibility of discovering a great variety of unknown music and artists and on the other hand Spotify works with algorithms that somehow guide the listener to what they should listen to, removing the possibility of finding new artists or new music. They always recommend songs or the most popular songs are at the beginning of all playlists making it difficult for new artists to share their music.
  3.  What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?  Being surprised by music means listening to something different that you did not expect to hear it like mixes in the song, effects, among others, discovering music means finding new genres or artists that you do not know and that can provide a different experience from the established one. Because digital platforms today try to control internet freedom using logarithms, making listeners’ choice more predictable with music, so they often end up hearing the same.    thing.

Episode 6

1.According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is a signal? Why are these distinctions important? Noise means all the sound around us from the smallest to the loudest, even if we are not paying attention to it is considered noise, instead a signal is a sound that stands out from the rest and that our mind focuses, we pay attention to that well we are interested. It is important because even though the two are picked up by our ears, the noise is often overlooked by our mind to focus on the signal we want to hear.
2. What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant This episode is about noise and signal. It highlights that it is important to know their difference and because one is more listened to than the other in the sense that the listener pays attention to that type of sound. In a recording studio, you play with the sounds and reduce the noise that prevents the signal from being picked up by the listener and thus obtain a clear message without having to be bothered by external noise.
3.How does this episode relate to other episodes?

It is related to the other episodes because it shows parts of the music production in the recording studio and how it interacts on digital platforms since each episode was intended to analyze how new technology changes the way we see music in different aspects that each episode covered. .