Author Archives: Ri Liu

post #5

Working Out at Home Without Annoying Your Neighbors (Published 2020)

Noise complaints are up as residents jump, kickbox and lift weights in their own apartments during the coronavirus lockdown.

The colorful world is full of strange sounds: the melodious bird cry, the eerie wolf roar; the majestic tsunami, the thunderbolt; the roaring machinery of the factory day and night, the sound of the piano in the concert hall… they make up the “environment” “Symphony” movement. Sometimes the movement is harmonious and tranquil, sometimes passionate and unrestrained, and sometimes chaotic. Sometimes it prevents people from resting and thinking. Noise is called the “invisible killer”. It can affect people’s hearing, shorten people’s life span, and seriously cause death. The development of science and technology has changed our lives. We are building houses, roads, and concert halls with sound insulation materials. At the same time, more people can be protected from noise. Therefore, the key to preventing noise is to control and eliminate noise sources.

Discussion Questions 7

Episode 5

  1. At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.)


What is he trying to get at with this question? How does music indicate the differences between the powerful and the marginalized?


Music creates power on the Internet. The strong in music usually go to the top, and they can express themselves through sound. Marginalized people are often ignored, and they are not needed in the current mainstream culture.


2.  How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?


The experience of forced exposure is one you can’t choose. You have to listen to all the music before you know what’s worth watching, and you build up an insatiable appetite for answers. Paul Lamere’s experience on platforms like Spotify is this magical music player whose system automatically recommends songs to help you find the right ones.


3.  What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?


When Krukowski used Spotify, he was surprised to find that the system’s predictions of Krukowski’s taste in music were so accurate and disconcerting. According to Krukowski, we need to click away from any AD tracker before it has a chance to catch our attention because the control and predictability of advertising in the program replace the freedom and chaos of the entire Internet so keep our attention.


Episode 6

  1. According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is the signal? Why are these distinctions important?

The signal is whatever sound you pay attention to and focus on. Noise is the sound that you do not pay attention to. But all sounds can be noise until we decide what a signal is.


2.  What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant?


The central idea about noise in this episode is that noise around us can be a meaningful signal, and it is depending on whether you’re interested in the noise. Noise is also an important aspect of the development of our digital communications.


3.  How does this episode relate to other episodes? 


In this episode, Krukowski emphasized the difference between signal and noise. but throughout the series, we discuss sound and music. The author wants to express that this is the most essential change experienced in the transition from analog communication to digital communication.

Discussion questions #6

Episode 3

  1. According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

The main difference between a microphone and a mobile phone is that the main content of the microphone is to spread the host’s voice in a specific area, including the sound of the wind. However, the main purpose of the mobile phone is to talk to two people far away from each other. In order to make the voice clear and accurate, it weakens our emotions. It does not better mobilize people’s emotional changes like the microphone.

2. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?


Human language through the mobile phone digital transmission, we can also communicate in a long-distance, but the digital transmission only transmits information and sound and does not express our emotions perfectly. Finally, because of the network, the language does not convey completely or disconnected.


3.  What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

Digital transmission technology has helped many people transfer information more conveniently and easily, making the interpersonal relationship in the community better, but the quality of the connection has declined.

Episode 4

  1. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion on this issue? Should music be freely available or should one have to pay?

I think music should be Shared, music should be available to anyone who wants to listen to it, and it shouldn’t have any price tag. Music with a price tag gets in the way of people who want to listen to it and slowly lose interest in it.

2.  How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

With the development of society and the dedication of musicians to music, I think music, community, and culture are all related. different areas have their different music and community-style and culture.

Blog Post #4

I have read the article that “Is Music a Good Tool For Health?” by Elizabeth Scott explains about music can help people treat disease and promote movement. Also, music can stimulate your brain to give to you some idea and help you concentrate. Music can control your heart rate and breathing which can help you to relax. I think music is a language all the people and animals know all music has feelings. Music can help each other heal their disease and benefit anyone.
In the world, every country has its own music, but you listen to music you can feel the singer’s feelings. Animals are the same as dolphins and whales. We can hear their song and know they are lonely or rejoice. We do not speak the same language, but we know it. This is music’s power. As like as I often listen to songs in other languages. I did not understand a lot of words in that music. I only knew a few words, but I knew the singer felt sad. The music was slow. When I heard this music, I am felt the man was crying. If you concentrate on the music, you can get into the world created by the music. Let you feel the singer’s heart through music. You know what he’s talking about because music is a language that reaches the heart.
Music’s’ power is great. It saves many people’s lives. Some pain management depression patients can listen to music and change their minds about committing suicide. Before I saw a news about cows. People played music for the caw. The cow made more milk. It proves music’s power is great. I believe anybody should like music when they are lonely. If you listen to happy music at the party, you can feel happier. If you listening to sad music can help you get out of the sadness.
We need music. Music is a special language that enables us to better understand other people’s feelings. We can feel it and also animals can feel it. music can help us get out of difficulty. So, I like music, because it expresses my heart.

Discussion questions #5

Episode 1

  1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?


Krukowski explained that the difference between real-time and digital time is that real-time can’t be changed, which is the time we all experience, but digital time is different. Digital time is set by machines. We can change the speed and change of time through tools and machines to achieve our goal


2.  What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?

We use our stereo hearing to located sounds around us and to map where we are in relation to the source of the sounds.


Episode 2

  1. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?


He feels angry with the gentrification, witnesses the increasing wealth, and homogeneity, of the City. He means that the public space used to be for pedestrians, but by the time change, it took over by the chain store on the ground floor such as K-Mart, Walgreens, and CVS. They are privatizing public space with rules with signs like no skateboarding no this no that. It dictates how people use space in the pedestrian plaza with rules. 


2.  What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?


The significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces” is to create a kind of refuges from this environment. Earbuds are an auditorium without walls. We can control and tailor our audio environment, to most whatever we desire it to be-in any space we find our serves. 

3. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space

Space had meaning because of the sounds that had been shared there Sound can change the way that people think about space, and how we originally thought about it.

  1. According to Berger, how do “publicity”–what we would call advertising–images influence consumers and why is this significant?


The purpose of advertising is to make us dissatisfied with our present life and use our jealousy and vanity to stimulate us to spend money to buy things, so as to make us feel satisfied and attractive to live, which is also an important means to promote economic development.


2. As he compares oil painting to publicity (advertising) photography, Berger argues that oil painting “showed what the owner was already enjoying among his possessions and way of life;” “it enhanced his view of himself as he already was.”  Whereas publicity pictures, “appeal to a way of life that we aspire to or think we aspire to.” Why are these differences important? What do they reveal to us about the production of images for publicity?


Paintings are the media for the owners to show wealth and real-life and celebrate their private life. Advertising shows an unfulfilled future because advertising can bring people desire and charm and make them happy. This encourages the idea that money and power are the answers to all questions.

3.  Choose one of the “dreams” he offers or thinks of your own. How does this dream offered by advertising use imagery to manipulate consumers?


Because dreams are so far away and hard to fulfill, advertisements show us a good image, and we may be envious and envious. Advertisements bring us a good way of life. When we buy things, we will feel happy because we have things that others don’t have or things that other people can’t get.

blog post 3


  • Briefly answer these questions.
  • Is the purpose of the essay to educate, announce, entertain, or persuade?


I think the main purpose of this paper is education, propaganda, and persuasion.


  • Who might be interested in the topic of the essay?



It can attract professors and teachers or people interested in this article.


  • Who would be impacted by the essay or the information within it?


Students who like writing and students who can’t write or professors who are interested in it


  • What does the reader know about this topic?


The theme of this article is to tell students and every one the skill of writing and the spirit of never giving up.


  • What does the reader need to know in order to understand the essay’s points?


Readers should know that it is important to have a learning goal and then find the best learning method..


  • What kind of hook is necessary to engage the readers and their interest?


Readers need a good example, and then need to understand the specific steps, readers can benefit from it.


  • What level of language is required? Words that are too subject-specific may make the writing difficult to grasp for readers unfamiliar with the topic.


The author should use simple and easy to understand language, and the article should be fluent and natural.


  • What is an appropriate tone for the topic? A humorous tone that is suitable for an autobiographical, narrative essay may not work for a more serious, persuasive essay.


The main keynote of this article is education and persuasion. Through a story and an example, it tells us how to improve our ability through the teaching method of teachers.

Write a draft of your opening paragraph based on Chapter 3.2 Opening Paragraphs from English Composition: Connect, Collaborate, Communicate


This article tells the story of a girl who thinks she is not a qualified writer. Through the correct guidance and encouragement of her teacher, she becomes a good writer and finds her self-confidence.

  1. One of the main premises in this episode is Berger’s distinction between nakedness and the nude female form as it is traditionally represented in Western art. What are the differences between these things and why are these differences significant? Do they apply to images you have encountered in your experience?

Berger thinks nudity is immoral, and the audience’s eyes make them feel shame and become more ordinary. Some people think nudity is an art because the differences in the art are different in everyone’s mind. It is important to keep your own point of view and respect the opinions of others.

2. According to Berger, how have Western works of art depicted and defined different roles for men and women? According to Berger, what is the significance of this? Do these depictions influence the ways we think of the differences between men’s and women’s roles in society today?

From the works of art, we can see that most of the descriptions from women come from men because at that time men’s status was higher than women’s. in the painting, women don’t wear clothes, but men wear clothes, which shows that women’s status was lower at that time. In today’s society, gender discrimination still exists, but it has been greatly improved. Especially in developed countries, Women are in the same position as men.

3. How does Berger describe the significance of the mirror in paintings depicting women? What does this object say about the ways beauty is defined in these paintings? What does Berger say about the depiction of the female gaze in the paintings he discusses? What kinds of more contemporary examples does he relate this to, and what significance does he draw from these connections between older European art and depictions of women today?

The mirror is a symbol of women’s vanity. Women regard themselves as scenery, while men look at the scenery. It also expresses men’s hypocrisy. And the description of women can make men have the pleasure of peeping and personal interest. Beautiful women are often sold and used as gifts. This is the difference between gender evidence.

The background of this picture is the painter of Eiffel Tower in Paris, France in 1953. The photographer is Marc Riboud. it depicts a worker who is painting a building. His movements are like dancers perching in the tower. The Eiffel Tower is also like his friend. Paris city is looming in the background of the photo.


The first time I saw this photo, it made me feel as beautiful as the scene from the movie. The beautiful lines formed by the tower and the rhythmic dancing poses of the painter showed a pleasant atmosphere. Happy hours from ordinary workers. Image is not only the form of information but also the different methods and processes we use. The perspective and details we pay attention to are the most important. Berger said in the video that we can’t find the details and positive reality through pictures. But Marc Riboud said, “I like to shoot very detailed things. Many details that others don’t pay attention to. I think that is very important.” important. God exists in the details.”

Ordinary people’s small things, ordinary life scenes, and then through vivid details to present the real world. This is the best way of artistic expression.

ways of seeing

  1. One of the first points John Berger makes is that the act of seeing something is not as objective as we might at first think. Instead, he argues that what we see is conditioned by habits and conventions. What does Berger mean when he says that the process of seeing is not “natural,” that it is shaped by habits and conventions? What kinds of habits and conventions shape the ways we see and how do they do this? Why is this significant when we think about what artworks like paintings mean for viewers?


Because everyone grows up in a different living environment, it can make us see things in different ways and express them differently. Cultural background and the living background will affect our ideas. Works of art mean that the audience can objectively feel the artist’s life or the feelings they want to express, and can also be used to inherit and teach us some experiences and lessons


  1. According to Berger, how has the camera changed our senses of perception? How has this device changed our engagement with works of art? Conversely, Berger describes the experience of being in the presence of an authentic artwork–at a museum, for instance–in terms of “stillness” and “silence.” What does he mean by this? According to Berger, why is seeing an artwork in a museum different from seeing it on a screen or in a book?


The appearance of the camera has changed our perception because the camera can copy the painting so that everyone can see it, but the camera can’t copy all the details. Some pictures can only show a part of the painting. Now we can easily watch the painting at any place and time. So we also reduce the number of exhibitions and museums. Because it’s very convenient to see on the mobile phone Any painting you want to see. However, the details and emotions that can only be found in the original works cannot be transmitted through the copied pictures


  1. What does Berger mean when he describes reproductions of paintings becoming a “form of information?” Paraphrase what he means by his idea of “talking with reproductions.” What is the significance of this?


I think the form of information is an important way to spread and teach the people knowledge. But it’s not an art, and people can’t learn or feel more real things from the screen.