- What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?
Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in “ real world” versus are experiences with “ digital” time when Galaxies 500 recorded, we played our songs in what audio engineers now refer to as “ real time”. Real time implies live time. Time as we experience it in the analog world.It is experienced and not counted like a clock. Those experiences are variable, always changing and flexible. It shows simply how long something seems to take when it is not pleasant, as opposed to how quickly it goes by when you are having fun. Digital time on the other hand is not lived time. It’s machine time. It’s locked to a clock and that clock time code makes everything more regular than lived time. Digital time is only one among many, equally possible experiences. Digital time is something called latency, a delay between the actual moment and when we hear it. However, this is caused by the time it takes to translate digital info to sound as well as the travel time through the various pieces of equipment. Digital time is very difficult to synchronize and it’s a challenge, in digital recording, to line up the different layers that make upa song.
2 . What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?
Krukowski means when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate spaces means what we hear and plays a big role in what we are aware of regarding our surroundings and how we travel through them. He further mentions, when we use our stereo hearing to locate sounds around us and to map where we are in relation to the source of these sounds. If you limit your hearing with ear plugs or ear buds, you will be less aware of the space around you as well as the people.
- In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?
Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” He means that developers in Astor place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way because Astor place is for public and everybody’s were welcome here. Private security guards walk around and people are safe and protest.public dissent in this place. It has a sigh no skateboarding no this no that because it’s now pedestrian plaza. There are rules which dictate how people use the space.
2. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?
Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desire to “ control interior spaces” because there was a time that was perceived to be uniquely and unprecedentedly loud, and a lot of that had to do with technological changes in the modern city. The rise of internal combustion engines with vehicles everywhere, trains and subways are hard to deal with in such an environment. Therefore,noise abatement helped to understand the drive to control sound in interior space- to create kind of refuges from those environments. And so auditoriums began to be designed to be more absorptive, to reduce reverberation. According to Krukowski, earbuds and headphones help people to create their own space in the noise environment. In addition,those sound cancellation helps to set apart people from the noisy world and fascinated with it’s sound effect.
3. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space.
The key ideas from this episode, a relationship between sounds and space in my points, is hearing helps us to navigate space . We use our stereo hearing to locate sounds around us and to map where we are in relation to the source of those sounds. In fact, sounds make us aware of our surroundings and it lets us travel time. For example,when I was in my back home country a couple of times I had followed the sound of Mike to teach in that place because it guide me that space.