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Author Archives: Saikou Sounounou Bah

Blog Posts: Sonic Examples 2

Blog Posts: Sonic Examples 2

Language communication is significant for interaction between different communities or cultures. Nowadays, many people are using the new digital technology to overcome the obstacle of language speaking. One of the most important tools used is google translate, some people also utilize Longman dictionary to find the signification of words and how to pronounce them. Based on what we see in the episodes of Ways of Hearing, good pronunciation is essential in the language translation and machine reading is sometimes incomprehensible. We can use google translation to interpret the dialect by speaking on the cellphone or writing the words or sentences. When it comes to the translating voices, we realize some unconformity about what we pronounce on the cellphone to what we get as a translation. The machine sometimes fails to translate our signal but try to interpret the voice or noise. In some cases, it is difficult to understand the words or sentences reading in the Longman dictionary. The machine’s voice cannot be compared to human being voice.

Discussion # 7 Episodes 5 & 6

Ways of Hearing

 

Discussion questions for episodes 5 & 6

Episode 5

At the beginning of this episode, Krukowski asserts, “the marginal-the rejected-the repressed-is whatever the powerful have decided is of no use at the moment.” What does he mean by this statement? He goes on to ask, “But might it [the marginal-the rejected-the repressed] not be a key to alternate approaches-to art, to society-to power itself?” (“Marginalized” is an adjective that describes a person, group, or concept that is treated as insignificant or peripheral.)

What is he trying to get at with this question? How does music indicate the differences between the powerful and the marginalized?

When Krukowski visited the record store, he discovered that there is some music that are preserve for longtime and are not used. He thinks that kind of songs are at the present not needed by the society. But these rejected music could be a form of way to propose different view related to the art, the society and to the power itself. Nowadays, we see that online research and business for music such as amazon or others has contributed to increase our lack of interest for record store. In the episode, Krukowski said that he found a lot of information by visiting the record store. For example, workers provide information about years, they can even advise about some useful online research for music. Also, we can understand that music in the record store are material, physic that can attract our attention more than the online immaterial music.

How are the music listening experiences enabled by Forced Exposure different from those that Paul Lamere is working on with platforms like Spotify?

According to Paul Lamere, we can recommend the composition of any music by knowing the culture, the acoustic and the social data. For him, it is important to focus on the digital technology and pay attention to people’ comment in the internet. In the record store, specialist in music are sometimes limited about the information they need.

What distinctions does Krukowski draw between being “surprised” by music and “discovering” music? What are the differences between these experiences and according to Krukowski, why are they important?

By using the computer algorithm, engineers try to understand what we are interested in. They are not pushing our curiosity to something that we don’t like but they work on to help us to find what we are looking for. That mean thy don’t want to surprise their customer about new music or different type of music but they assist clients to discover the genre of music the client is searching. it is important because it can save time and energy to satisfy our desire of that kind of music.

Episode 6

According to Krukowski, what is noise? What is signal? Why are these distinctions important?

According to Krukowski, the noise is something we can hear but don’t understand the meaning and the signal is a form of tone that we realize its signification. Therefore, by using the digital analogue we can bust the signal without the noise. We can make the music louder or not; the digital technology has changed our world.

What central idea about noise does this episode convey? Why is it significant?

We see in this episode; many music producers try to minimize the impact of the noise in music. The signal is one of the significant aspects of the song, the noise is that son we can perceive but don’t understand the meaning while the signal is that information we perceive, we are able to comprehend. In the episode, Krukowski says that in some cases, noise is inevitable, it gives the meaning of the son.

How does this episode relate to other episodes? 

This episode gives us one of the most important point in the music, in the real time it was not easy to control the noise and the signal. In the machine time, we come to approach to reduce the noise and focus on the signal. For example, in the public space we can use headphone to enjoy the signal of our song and reduce the noise we are hearing around. Also, we see that the proximity effect is significant for the signal and with cellphone, we lose the feeling of the signal.

 

Discussion 6 ( Episodes 3&4)

Episodes 3 and 4

 

Episode: 3

  1. According to Krukowski, what are the main differences between a microphone and a cellphone and why is this difference important?

According to Krukowski, with the microphone we can control the proximity effect of our tone such as our breath and the distance, but cellphone doesn’t not have proximity effect. Also, he mentions that our sound on the phone is sometimes worse, there is not sensitivity and being near of far from the phone is almost the same voice. Many of the speakers during the episode recognize that they can spend hours in the microphone but cannot do the same with the cellphone. Krukowski said, there are many sound’s details omitted with the cellphone and one of the most important aspect is the communication feeling.

  1. What do Krukowski and Gary Tomlinson, the professor he interviews, assert about the “musical” qualities of the voice and how are these changed by digital transmission?

The Professor Gary Tomlinson says that one of the most interesting point during a communication is the musical aspect of the language, the tone of the speech. He adds that many linguists are not paying attention to that remarque and they only focus on syntax and grammar. Krukowski emphasis that we are losing the non-verbal quality of our language by using digital transmission. Technology system has a long way to pursue in order to record perfectly every details of human being voice.

  1. What is the significance of Krukowski’s comments on the voice to ideas about community and interpersonal connection?

In the Krukowski’s comment, we can understand that digital tools fail in many ways to transmit exactly our tone to our interlocutor. For that reason, face to face communication is essential to realize the feeling of the sound of the voice. For example, we heard people say “I recognize your voice” that mean, it is not only the words and be able to communicate but they acknowledge the music of the voice.

Episode: 4

  1. Krukowski begins by discussing the issue of music file sharing. What is your opinion of this issue? Should music be freely available, or should one have to pay? 

In the music industry, songs file sharing is a big issue for musicians and producers. These artists are working hard to create something for the public and some producers are investing a lot money in the music. Therefore, musicians should benefit for their copy wright as do for example books writers and inventors. If someone share a music file with others, that practice cannot helps the singer to make money. The music should not be freely available unless the government or other companies buy the product and make it available in the internet. Music industry should be considered as a business, for that reason the society should buy songs in order to let artists have revenue.

 

  1. How does this episode represent the relationships between music, community, and culture?

In this episode we see that the music plays an important role in the community but with the digital technology, we have some problem about the copy wright. People used to say that music has no borders, it is one of the best ways to create unity and peace around the world. Also, music is known as the most important aspect for any community to sell or advertise their culture. For example, American singers are very famous around the world.

  1. Does charging money for music impede the formation of communities around this music or does it help support the circulation of music?

Charging money for music helps support the circulation of music. In many countries, copying and selling music for only the trader’s interest without the permission of the singer, is considered illegal. We should know that music is also considered as a job for some people who practice it. It isn’t only for fun but, these musicians work hard and spend months to produce the music we are listening. Music industry look like other businesses, these workers or musicians need money to pay their bills and live good live. Of course, I don’t like the overcharging customers for music in order to be the richest person in the world, but we should know that many musicians need the minimum of money to enjoy their life.

 

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2 Discussion # 5

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Episode 1

The revolution between the analogue world and the digital world have changed our relationship to the time itself. In the digital world, there was not computers or sophisticate electronic devises. Musicians used to spend times with other musicians to play instruments and record songs in the studio, that moment is considered as a real time. But, during the digital period most of the works are done by using computers. We don’t have anymore musicians performing together to produce songs. Now time is flexible and variable, this new habit has changed our life experience. That mean, one person can sit behind his computer and produce different king of songs by using the digital machine; this time is a machine time.

Nowadays, the digital machine has changed our sociability in the world where we are living. As Krukowski said, the digital is more convenient than analogue instruments, it is easy to produce music and can be also cheap. But this fact has modified the way we share consideration and affection to others. Before, we use to discuss, exchange opinions with other people; that moment create solidarity and union between workers or in our environment.

Episode 2

Jeremiah Moss means that in many spaces in New York, people are not allowed to visit, he makes reference to the security guard who can come to redirect you. He said there is no more sociability in the society; people don’t want to be heard and fell like they are not here.

In this episode, we can understand that the noise in New York City is considered as a challenge that the city wants to control. These noises are coming from cars, busses, trains, musicians etc. Therefore, the city develops concert halls to control interior spaces. These spaces are designed to reduce voices or instruments song in the wall, they employ some new technology to control the acoustic. They are inspired by earbuds and headphones in which the sound of the music is very personal. For that reason, many public spaces where people used to go and enjoy music are close and now these areas are using digital songs to limit the noises.

In my own opinion, it is important to use the modern technology such as digital music because it is not expensive to produce songs and also it can save time. Behind the computer, a composer can produce many music. Also, by using digital equipment we can control the volume of the sound or use earphone to limit the noise. On the other hand, we should not forget to require to our musicians for some special events. It can help to create affection, union, love, relationship etc. between people.

 

Blog Post # 5 – Sonic Examples

Blog Post # 5 – Sonic Examples

Nowadays, digital technology is indispensable in the society where we are living. There is different king of devises; among them, the digital cellphone plays an important role in our daily life and has changed the way we used to listen music and buy some songs, also it has become an addiction for many people.

Before, people used to listen music by radio, Walkman or going to the parties. Many adults remember the period of playing tape in the radio or listening broadcast from the radio.  At that period friends gathered around the radio to listen music and dance. It was one of the wonderful moments for many adults in their life, they play, sing, talk, compete and create new friendship. Then, it arrives the period of Walkman where people are more isolated to listen their personal favorite songs, they express felling of being alone because they don’t want to be disturbed in their solitude of listening music. They try to avoid crowded and noise areas in order to enjoy their lovely songs. Furthermore, this new experience of life contributed to reduce going to the party to assist artists’ performances. It difficult to communicate with other people or create any kind of relation.

The digital cellphone has modified the way we listen to music and interact with others. Now, we don’t need to buy tape music from the store and put it into the Walkman or radio to hear the song. We can purchase it from the internet by using our digital cellphone; we can buy and download everything song from everywhere at any time. For example, we see in our everyday life, people don’t care who is close to them or watching them, but they are always concentrated to their digital phone and using their headphone to listen to music. Their minds are disconnected to the place where they are sitting, eating, standing etc. In addition to that fact, we see people listening to music and playing on their phone while crossing the street because they are addicted to their phone. This new technology revolution gives us more facilities to access to the different kind of music and makes our life easier. But the overuse of these digital devises is a huge problem in our modern society.

In the present society, digital cellphone is an essential value to listen music and can be used for different purposes but the addiction to this devise is an issue for many people.

 

 

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Episode 1

The revolution between the analogue world and the digital world have changed our relationship to the time itself. In the digital world, there was not computers or sophisticate electronic devises. Musicians used to spend times with other musicians to play instruments and record songs in the studio, that moment is considered as a real time. But, during the digital period most of the works are done by using computers. We don’t have anymore musicians performing together to produce songs. Now time is flexible and variable, this new habit has changed our life experience. That mean, one person can sit behind his computer and produce different king of songs by using the digital machine; this time is a machine time.

Nowadays, the digital machine has changed our sociability in the world where we are living. As Krukowski said, the digital is more convenient than analogue instruments, it is easy to produce music and can be also cheap. But this fact has modified the way we share consideration and affection to others. Before, we use to discuss, exchange opinions with other people; that moment create solidarity and union between workers or in our environment.

Episode 2

Jeremiah Moss means that in many spaces in New York, people are not allowed to visit, he makes reference to the security guard who can come to redirect you. He said there is no more sociability in the society; people don’t want to be heard and fell like they are not here.

In this episode, we can understand that the noise in New York City is considered as a challenge that the city wants to control. These noises are coming from cars, busses, trains, musicians etc. Therefore, the city develops concert halls to control interior spaces. These spaces are designed to reduce voices or instruments song in the wall, they employ some new technology to control the acoustic. They are inspired by earbuds and headphones in which the sound of the music is very personal. For that reason, many public spaces where people used to go and enjoy music are close and now these areas are using digital songs to limit the noises.

In my own opinion, it is important to use the modern technology such as digital music because it is not expensive to produce songs and also it can save time. Behind the computer, a composer can produce many music. Also, by using digital equipment we can control the volume of the sound or use earphone to limit the noise. On the other hand, we should not forget to require to our musicians for some special events. It can help to create affection, union, love, relationship etc. between people.

 

Discussion # 4

In the Episode 4 by John Berger, we realize that images in the publicity influence consumers and it is very significant for them. As we see in the film, every detail in the advertising images is studied minutely in order to have an impact to the viewers. The goal is to make consumers enviable the product, to think how to get this good even if we don’t have money to buy it. In addition, the publicity is arranged to push clients to plan to save money only for the purpose of buying that object. Therefore, the publicity has an important role to play between business compagnies and customers. It gives us dream that if we own that product, our life will change, and other people will respect us or will think to create some personal relation with the owner. For example, the publicity of the car gives some information about the difference between the old model and the new one; in the publicity we can read or heard how the comfort it is, speed etc.

We see how the presenter shows the difference between oil painting and images publicity. in the European painting or any other painting, the painter shows to the viewers the achievement of the person in the art. The wealth that he or her owns, the painting is another way to celebrate the success in his life. it symbolizes his prestige or glory in the society where he is leaving. For example, we can see in some painting men surrounded by a beautiful woman and a lot of fruits or objects in a period of the society, the personage in the painting is showing abundance and good life. In contrast, publicity is to create feeling or envy to have something that we don’t own yet. Therefore, this sensation can push us to work hard and save money to buy that object in the publicity. The production of images for publicity is something that organized by the company to incite customers to have a planning, to work for something.

Nowadays, we know that advertising good touristic images is one the key to attract customers in order to improve the economy and develop countries. In that case, many tourism agencies work hard in collaboration with organism in charge for publicity. We see in the television, in the new paper or in the public notice many good images that can create an envy for us to visit the country. These images are always arranged to make touristic places more attractive and cheaper than other counties. But, when we travel to that country, the reality is very different to what we saw in the medias. Generally, they never show in the publicity the poverty or any king of problem that is facing the country. On the other hand, the tourism is organized in the way that, the visitor buys more or spend a lot of money in that country. For example, we see many countries are complaining about the current quarantine due to covid-19 because they are not getting people (tourists) to visit their country. That mean what we see in the publicity could be sometimes different to the reality and their goal is make us to spend money.

 

Discussion 3 (ways of seeing)

In the European painting, there are differences between nakedness and nude. Theses differences are more visible for women than men because of the tradition. For John Berger, being necked is to be oneself and being nude is to be seeing necked by others and not yet recognize by oneself. That mean we can compare nudity to the object such as how we see women in the art without clothes. Therefore, we can realize that this form of women representation can be applied to pictures and we can illustrate this fact in many images we have seen in our life.

At the beginning of this episode, Berger said that men dream to women and women dream to themselves. Also, he mentioned that women are taught how to appear to others, particularly to men because in the western tradition, the community taught women that their success depend to the way they look like for men. In this situation, western works of art consider women as an object that the beauty can be appreciate by men. These depictions have influenced the way we think, the place of women in our society. But in our modern society, women are fighting to be considered not as men’s objects but as a person who has the right as men. In the episode, we see the conversation between Berger and some women around the table, we can understand how these women want the society change the perception of western tradition painting related to the nudity of women.
During the presentation, we see women using mirror to look themselves and Berger shows some arts where women are looking themselves in the mirror. What are they looking for by using the mirror? Are they looking the imperfection of the form of their body? we see that mirror is very important for women, they use it to see how they look or how they should look like. Women pay attention to every detail that has a connection to their face and body, they are worry about their beauty, they want to be perfect in the eyes of men. According to Berger, behind this glace, there is judgments. Even today, this old European art still affects the society where we are living. In our daily life we see that women are more interested to their beauty than men.

 

 

Blog Post 3

 

  1. Briefly answer these questions:
  • Is the purpose of the essay to educate, announce, entertain, or persuade?

The purpose of the essay is to persuade, in the essay the instructor tells the student that prewriting is very important before the writing. It can be one of the essential key to provide good essay.

 

  • Who might be interested in the topic of the essay?

 

Students, readers and Professors might be interested in the topic of the essay.

 

  • Who would be impacted by the essay or the information within it?

 

Generally, student who do not used to prewrite their essay, also it can be those writers who are not organized when they are writing any topic.

 

  • What does the reader know about this topic?

 

This topic is very useful, it gives information about how to be organized when we are writing an essay.

 

  • What does the reader need to know in order to understand the essay’s points?

 

The reader needs to know that any writer should be confident and organize before writing the draft essay.

 

  • What kind of hook is necessary to engage the readers and their interest?

 

In the introduction, particularly the general idea and theses statement, the writer should tempt reader to continue riding the essay, that mean he has to be clear and put the topic in the in the concerned situation.

 

 

  • What level of language is required? Words that are too subject-specific may make the writing difficult to grasp for readers unfamiliar with the topic.

 

The level of the language should be academic and very clear, words should not be difficult to understand.

 

  • What is an appropriate tone for the topic? A humorous tone that is suitable for an autobiographical, narrative essay may not work for a more serious, persuasive essay.

The appropriate tone for the topic is a persuasive essay, the instructor is convincing the student that she has to change her method of writing in order to succeed.

 

  1. Write a draft of your opening paragraph

In general, before writing a draft essay, many students organize their work by rewriting the topic that thy suppose to work on. However, some student think rewriting is a vesting time and do not know how important it is to provide a good final essay. Rewriting can help writer to organize his essay and avoid some grammatical errors that is crucial to write a good essay.

Blog 2

Nowadays, in many situations we use camera to change images in order to give information to our viewers. That mean we can modify art through the camera and talk with the image for our own purpose. In the video “Abraham Lincoln for kids/biography” by Homeschool Pop! modifying Abraham Lincoln’s picture, kids can learn the moral life and that all people are valuable.

The presenter in the video use Abraham Lincoln’s bear in the picture to make children recognize him by comparing his bear to the cat’s fur. In addition, the presenter uses Abraham Lincoln’s images to show how he serves the union of America and abolish slavery because his parents taught him what was wrong and right including slavery. The presenter wants kids know that slavery was a terrible system where slaves were treated like property and he also use images to show that Abraham Lincoln was killed for what he believes was right. I see that the presenter arranges different images to transmit his information to the kids. When we make a connection between this video to the previous video by Berger, we realize that by using camera we can change the meaning of the art and talk to the pictures. Also, when we use camera and play different songs for the same art, viewers can perceive different information. We know that the original, authentic picture of Abraham Lincoln is somewhere at a particular place. It cannot be in different places in the same time, as Berger said it is still and silence. For that reason, many people prefer to travel and pay a lot of money to see the original art because they believe that nothing can be like the original one. That mean we use camera to duplicate the original one and change or rearrange pictures for our own purpose.

Abraham Lincoln