1.What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?
The real time is experienced subjectively. On the other hand, digital time is not live time, it has latency. Real time gives us the chance of everyone sharing the same experience at the same time and digital time disconnects us from sharing experiences simultaneously. This disconnect is significant because it can have as a consequence solating us even more than we already are.
2. What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?
The sounds in an environment is what makes us aware of where we are. You can hear the ambulance siren in the streets, children play in the playground, friends listening to loud music celebrating the weekend, all of that information shows us where we are and where we are going.
3. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?
It is a public place. However, it is possible to see the private security guards walking around. It is supposed to be a place where people protest a place to show you freedron but now there are signs everywhere showing you what to do, because there are rules. That is significant because people now have less fredroom, they are losing their own place.
4. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?
Control sound is about preventing sounds from echoing/propagating from the audience area. Making that the sound from the stage is heard everywhere and the sound of the audience is not heard. In other words, trying to copy outside nature that does not have echoes. Headphones are used as a protection to be away from other people, that is how we control our internal space.
5. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space.
I believe many people use the sounds as a form of protection to get around. Sounds can have influence over space giving us the opportunity to experience different kinds of feelings like happiness for the new parents watching their baby, sadness for the old guy sitting on the subway holding alcohol, annoyance with the sounds of traffic.