1 . According to “ways of seeing” Berger’s states that based on western art, nakedness is to be oneself , to be nude is to be seen naked by others. The difference is significant because in the nudes the nakedness is a sight for those who are dressed. To be nude is to be on display, while to be naked is to be oneself. The nude painting , as opposed to simply the naked. Looking at yourself in the mirror that reflects your beauty. Nakedness women are rarely portrayed in a passive way. She has to survey everything she is and everything she does because how she appears to others, and ultimately how she appears to men, is of crucial importance for what is normally thought of as the success of her life. A woman is laying down naked, implying that she wants to appear beautiful and perfect in the eyes of any man and grab his attention.
2 . Berger emphasizes how women are not their own beings, but created for the pleasure of men. Women have always been taught to look and act beautiful. “Her own sense of being in herself is supplanted by a sense of being appreciated as herself by another. women obtain a part of her own self-worth through the justification of other people. A man’s presence is dependent upon the promise of power which he embodies and a woman’s presence expresses her own attitude to herself, and defines what can and cannot be done to her. In the perspective of men, Berger shows the idea that men’s external presence tends to define who they are or who they are seen . This reasoning shows truth in the idea that women are often judged long-term by her short-term actions . Berger reveals the general lens in which women in the world are examined through and is able to highlight that society puts more emphasis on their actions or are more critical simply because they are not men.
3 .European oil painting often depicted nude female figures. Adam and Eve, a woman’s nakedness was constituted by her relationship to the viewer: she either performs shame and modesty, or exhibits herself proudly—but never exists as simply naked and unaware she is being looked at. Even as nude oil painting grew more secular, female subjects continued to be defined by their awareness of the spectator. Woman’s gaze is almost always directed outward at the viewer even when a male figure is present. The subject of the painting: the woman looks at herself in a mirror, just as the spectator looks at her in the painting. mirrors in such paintings often symbolized women’s vanity—allowing painters to condemn the so-called “vanity” of female subjects that they painted in the nude for the sake of their own pleasure. But the symbolic mirror nevertheless served to reinforce that women should be treated primarily as sights to be regarded. The painting’s subject is a competition between women, vying to be recognized by a man as the most beautiful .