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Discussion Questions #5

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Question #1:
The significant difference between experiencing the real world versus the digital time is related to space and time. If we are experiencing the real world, we are in the present moment, part of what is happening around us. In NYC, for instance, we can hear walking people, somebody talking, cars passing by, beeping of cars, barking dogs, etc. We can experience the moment and its atmosphere, the energy of the short while, including sharing the ambiance with people around us, feeling, and sensing similar sentiments. On the other hand, the digital time is practically locking us into our bubbles. We are distanced from the sound and the real energy of the environment. Thanks to the digital gadgets we can manipulate the atmosphere, and drown the real sound with some other, which is better fitting our imagination about the possible sounds of the current environment. Thanks to the digital world, we can adjust the atmosphere to feel better at the moment, but at the same time, losing the authenticity of the sharing of space and time with others.

Question #2:
I think that Krukowski wanted to say that listening to what is going on around us is very important. We can sense the energy of the space base on the sounds as well. We are not listening to our environment, and we are losing real connection with space. For example, if we walk down the streets with headsets on, we won’t hear the beeping car or shouting person, or possibly even something positive, what could attract our attention.

Question #3:
They were talking about public space today and back in the ’70s. And about the difference between how New Yorkers could use all the public space today and how it was back in time. In the ’70s, public space was for everybody and free expression of oneself. People were, for example, skateboarding on the street and a little further along the way, there was a street band. People could use public space as they pleased. That’s how New York and its public spaces were and how they were used. Today, if anybody will try to do something like that, they will be probably noticed by a security guy from some of the stores around and will be asked to go away, like, for instance, at the Astor Place. Today, we can use only specific places for specific activities and we are told where we can do certain things. The freedom of expression is, in a way, almost gone.

Question #4:
Concert halls were developed and designed for the sound distance from the street/city sounds to be able to hear the music or actors. It was isolation for better sound. Thanks to these halls, we created space, where we can enjoy the not interrupted music. But the earplugs are creating our own space in our heads. It is a different dimension. Earplugs are providing the space free of the noises, but also free of other people and are robbing us of the shared experience with all the other possible sounds added to the memories.

Question #6:
I think the key ideas were related to the fact, that by creating a personal bubble around ourselves by listening to some of the music in our earplugs, we have different sensing of the specific space or happening around us. The picture of our surroundings could be manipulated by the music, that we are listening to in our earplugs. If I imagine watching the streets of NYC while listening to some death metal music, it will create a different memory about the city then if I would listen, for example, Frank Sinatra or just the city sounds itself. But what is important the most is that we are more stalled from the natural environment and our instincts by this, and it is having a bigger impact on us. We don’t know how to socialize as we used to. We share fewer experiences, we don’t talk to strangers, hence we are losing a chance to get some nice memories and interactions. In the end, our experience of life is unnecessarily impoverished.

Ways of hearing Episodes 1 and 2 Discussion Questions

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

 

Episode 1

 

  1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?

 

Krukowski explains the change in audio ,in terms of time, since the invention and widespread adoption of digital sound. He explains the elasticity of time in analog sound. When Krukowski made music his recordings sped up at certain times and slowed down at others. It is impossible for humans to keep an exact pace of playing, there is always going to be some level of deviation from the tempo. Digital recordings work at an exact pace. Digital recordings keep the pace to an exact beat, “like figures on a spreadsheet”. This grid-like storage of sounds could be considered perfect pace or one could consider that the lack of living tempo has depreciated the charm of the recording. Krokowski also explains latency. Latency only exists in digital music and it is a lag that exists based on the time digital recordings take to process. In analog sound the vibrations travel through a wire or airspace and directly out of a speaker or to your ear. With digital sound the vibrations have to be processed and translated by a computer which creates a delay.

 

  1. What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?

 

When Krukowski says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate the space around us, he is referring to how we use our sens of hearing to identify our surroundings. When we walk down the street the are many audio clues as to what is happening around us. In New York City these audio cues are even more important because of the volume of actions all occurring around us. The automobile traffic, the crowded sidewalks of people walking by, and the bicycles riding are all things we need to be aware of when navigating the streets of New York. Krukowski points out that many people today wear headphones that block the sounds of these moving objects and in a sense blind us because we can’t hear. Humans use all of our senses to process what is happening in the world, and according to Krukowski, hearing is extremely important, possibly second only to sight in navigating the space around us.

 

Episode 2

  1. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?

 

Jeremiah Moss says that Astor Place, while still a public space has been privitized. He argues that while anyone is allowed there now there are rules and private security that change the entire fell of the space. Moss comments that in the past Astor Place was a place where “people would protest and there would be public dissent in this space”. Now that there are chain stores all around such as Kmart and CVS, they no longer allow that sort of public display. Krukowski then jokes that even though the area has changed there are still a lot of drugs sold there. He is referring to the Astor Place of years ago, when illicit drugs were sold in the neighborhood, and now there are big chain drug stores.

 

  1. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?

 

Emily Thompson explains that concert halls and auditoriums arose to capture music but control and eliminate any other sounds. They considered other sounds as noise, so they built large halls like Radio City with walls and surfaces that absorb sound rather than allow the sounds to reverberate. Emily stated that people of that era claimed that walls were a nuisance only to be endured to protect from the weather. Krukowski argues that that desire to control sound and keep out what people consider noise is relevant to people wearing headphones which block out all outside sound. It allows people to only hear the music or other audio and the only space that people navigate with their hearing is inside their head where the music bounces around internally.

 

  1. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space

 

The key idea of this episode is that technology that has materialized to control sound and deliver it directly to our ears has limited our interaction with the world. We now have less of a connection to our surroundings. We are so involved in our own self whether we are busy staring at our phones or just swept up in whatever we are listening to on our earbuds or headphones. This can be evidenced by the selection of headphones at your local electronics store. Most brag of their noise cancelling ability allowing one to completely block their hearing from the outside world and allowing them to disconnect in one more way from their surroundings. Technology has made us all become more internalized, and we all tend to disconnect ourselves much more from the world around us.

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2 Discussion # 5

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Episode 1

The revolution between the analogue world and the digital world have changed our relationship to the time itself. In the digital world, there was not computers or sophisticate electronic devises. Musicians used to spend times with other musicians to play instruments and record songs in the studio, that moment is considered as a real time. But, during the digital period most of the works are done by using computers. We don’t have anymore musicians performing together to produce songs. Now time is flexible and variable, this new habit has changed our life experience. That mean, one person can sit behind his computer and produce different king of songs by using the digital machine; this time is a machine time.

Nowadays, the digital machine has changed our sociability in the world where we are living. As Krukowski said, the digital is more convenient than analogue instruments, it is easy to produce music and can be also cheap. But this fact has modified the way we share consideration and affection to others. Before, we use to discuss, exchange opinions with other people; that moment create solidarity and union between workers or in our environment.

Episode 2

Jeremiah Moss means that in many spaces in New York, people are not allowed to visit, he makes reference to the security guard who can come to redirect you. He said there is no more sociability in the society; people don’t want to be heard and fell like they are not here.

In this episode, we can understand that the noise in New York City is considered as a challenge that the city wants to control. These noises are coming from cars, busses, trains, musicians etc. Therefore, the city develops concert halls to control interior spaces. These spaces are designed to reduce voices or instruments song in the wall, they employ some new technology to control the acoustic. They are inspired by earbuds and headphones in which the sound of the music is very personal. For that reason, many public spaces where people used to go and enjoy music are close and now these areas are using digital songs to limit the noises.

In my own opinion, it is important to use the modern technology such as digital music because it is not expensive to produce songs and also it can save time. Behind the computer, a composer can produce many music. Also, by using digital equipment we can control the volume of the sound or use earphone to limit the noise. On the other hand, we should not forget to require to our musicians for some special events. It can help to create affection, union, love, relationship etc. between people.

 

Discussion Question #5

Episode 1

  1.  The point Krukowski’s is making in ways of hearing  is that how we experience time in the real world and experience digital time. The differences is that when you experience the real world there was no technology or computers you had to hear your information on the radio but the digital time is people still do listen but not as much as the the modern  era is visualized. These differences is significant because it helps you understand how people is understanding how to hear by information ,music,sports,and even space and how their relating to one another perspective on how people notice.
  2. what Damon Krukowski’s means by listening as to do  with how we navigate space because how sound is being projected in the radio and the television the way the sounds travels with its beat. 

Episode 2

  1. what Jeremiah Moss means by thew way the Astor place is that to him they are taking advantage by people because how sounds ids being use in company. what Jeremiah moss  say about public and private space  is that public space is for the people can protesters can use their platform in those areas. private space is that people are not allowed in business property. This is important because it keeps the all of the business safe and the way way we can have a better understanding of space.
  2. The significance of Emily Thompson idea of the development of concert is that it brings people together in a positive way and how you have fun will learning all of it. It relates to the ear buds and headphones because with ear bud you can hear music but  with headphones you can talk to people.
  3. My onion in ways of hearing episode 1&2 about sound and space is that they have some similarities like they way they sound the tone of the beat. the sound that Influence from space is interesting because you hear the countdown when the rocket ship is going up into space and you hear the fire of the bottom of the rocket.

Ways of hearing Episode 1&2

1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?

real-time is lived time, it is a time we experienced in the real world or it is something we record but we can’t go back to undo it. digital time is the opposite of real-time because its something we can record and come back and undo it as we like and we can fix a part of it so we don’t have to repeat it all again, and we can make speed it or slow it to serve our purpose.

What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?

the sounds that we hear every day is the reflection of our environment. these sounds are our space, the thing that makes us understand where we are, and where are we going.

3. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?

Astor place has changed to become a pedestrian plaza so it allowed anyone to walk and be there but there are rules to control our space there are so many signs tell you, that you can’t do this and that. so with all of these investments, they want to control our space in Astir place because investors made it privet by forcing these roles in a public place. it is like they say oh no that is a public area for everybody but they have to follow this and that.

4. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?
Concert Halls:

it is important to know the development of concert halls is abut observing all the sound that around to just keep the main sound and what people pay to come and hear so it cut the sounds of the audience and keep the band sounds clear and loud so people won’t be able to hear anything else to distract them. earbuds and headphones keep the sounds inside your head and the sound bounce between your ears and isolated you from the outside space and it is the way to run from ears contact.

5. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space.

sounds are controlling out space, it is the way we know what is happening around us and what is going on. so if we having our headphones and we just listen to music we won’t be able to understand anything we see because we are avoiding ears contact. New Yorkers are avoiding the city noises by wearing earbuds and headphones and listing to music or anything that can make them get away from real life. sounds create our space and these sounds are our daily life.

Discussion question#5

Episode 1

  1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?

According to Krukowski, he thinks real time is live time and digital time is machine time which is locked to a clock.And the time code makes everything more regular than live time.Indeed, in real time everything is flexible and variable, on the other hand digital time is like all set in frames.Even though we are able to fix every audio as we want ,which makes it “variable”.However, the audios are still actually being controlled by human beings.The reason why the difference between real time and digital time significant is because the real time precious experience of a moment is being lost when translating to digital time records.

2.What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?

Krukowsk says that listening has a lot of to do with how we navigate space,we use our stereo hearing to locate sound around us and map where we are.From my perspective, I suppose what he means is that we can map where we are by hearing the sounds around us and the sounds can guide us to right place.However, this also means we need to pay more attention to hear sounds of the place we are in, otherwise we as if have never been to there. For example, nowadays many people will wear headphones to listen to music or watch movies when taking underground, and some of them might miss the stop they should get off because they can’t hear the train’s broadcast.

Episode 2

  1. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?

Jeremah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way”.What he means is that Astor Place should be a place for people to protest and express their opinions, but the companies now are controlling these areas.Private security guards walk around, they set a bunches of rules to limit people’s activities there such as forbidding skateboarding.It’s quite important because people lost the rights to do what they want in public spaces,and it’s not correct that private companies take those public spaces.

2.What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?

Emily Thompson indicates his idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces” is pretty significant because of the cause of high volume sounds.As our technology develops, there are more and more technologies with loud noise emerged such as trains ,vehicles and machines with motor or engine.With these noises, people are hard to focus on their work or study,therefore they design headphones ,earbuds and headphones to control the sounds of what they hear, which can also help people to build up their own private spaces.According to Krukowski, the idea of designing headphones and earbuds came from the idea of concerts hall.

3.In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space

As far as I am concerned, I suppose the main point of episode 2 is that nowadays due to the development of technology, many types of noises have arisen, and people would like to control the sounds they hear and build up their private sounds space.What strikes me as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space is that I didn’t realize why do more and more people wear headphones or earphones when walking in streets or taking public transportation before hearing the Way of Hearing Episode 2.And now I understand that it’s because as technology develops,more and more noises show up either, therefore people need headphones to build up a private sound space which can make them feel safe and comfortable.

discussion question 5

Episode 1

 

 

  • Real time is what we experience live. In real time people can express their true feeling and reaction. It can’t be control. In other hand digital time everything is organize by machine. Its pre- organize and can be controlled and re-created. We can control digital time based on our feelings and emotion however our feelings and emotions is controlled by real time.

 

 

  • He is means that the way we listen to the sound it can help us to located and understand our surrounding.

 

 

Episode 2  

 

  • Public space are for people to use in a freeway without being harassed by security and government. However when stores open these places the freedom get changed. It became someone’s investment there they need security and rules to protect it. public space change to private space in the name of development. Most people ignore these changes because their idea of public space is just park.

 

 

 

  • When country was developing and industrial economy was booming it was hard to control the noise around people. To listen to music and to feel it people start to build hall specifically to enjoy music. Even though the quality of sounds changed because of the walls, and big space. Earbuds are like an auditorium without walls and big space.

 

  • Sounds can help to navigate space. Makes more aware of our surrounding. There are so many sounds to listen .all we need to do is keep our ears open and listen. Living in New York sound is part of our daiy life. We can’t escape it better if we welcome it.

Discussion questions #5

Ways of Hearing, Episode 1 & 2

Episode 1

  1. What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?

Real time as the name implies is lived time, time as we experience it in analogy world. Digital time is not lived time, it is machine time. It is locked to a clock. And that clock a time code —-makes everything more regular than live time. These are important because  now a lot of real people who live in the digital world feel this is real life. When people live in real time, they enjoy the time and feel that they feel. However, when people live in the digital life, we are like machines, no feeling, no emotion. 

2. What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?

 I  feel this could be positive and negative. When we listen, sometimes our brains are working with what we are listening to. If we are listening to an old song, music or have communication, it can bring us back for that moment, or imagine we are at that  time. This causes our brains to think, and we feel to be personally on the scene. However, when we are listening to something, sometimes we forget who we are, and forget about what surrounds us. We are losing. Listening can put us together, also, can separate us. 

Episode 2

  1. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?

A public space is a place that is open and accessible to people. Such as parks, libraries,  beaches…..everybody can enjoy or share public spaces. However, now a lot of people use these public spaces to be private. People prefer to use public spaces, they feel they have to. People think that everyone has the right to use these public Spaces because he is a public space. Under the manipulation of this idea, public space is thus legitimately occupied

  1. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?

People always say “Music Without Borders” even though sometimes we do not know another language, we can still understand or feel with music that they want to express. When the concert is built or expanded, every concert is large, elegant, and looks very funny. Connecting to “ways of seeing” both have similar ideas. Music and women are objects for the audience. When we listen to music in concert as women are watched by men. People sit in the concert to listen to the music which can demonstrate who they are. They depend on controlling women or music to show how they are or their status. In addition, earbuds and headphones have some ideas. I feel when people wear headphones, they are enjoying music or have private space. However, people who wear headphones separate from others because they are living lonely at that moment, they do not connect with others. 

2.  In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space

The sound is everywhere, the sound has a sense of hierarchy under the effect of space, and then conveys to you different ideas. People control themselves by controlling sound and space. People like to occupy space so that they can feel their presence. The larger the space, the more the sense of existence. Music is a bridge between each other, and it also separates people. All reasons stem from desire. Women in oil paintings derive from the desires of men. People control sound and space, and bringing people a sense of accomplishment is also a desire.

Discussion 5

1.What is Krukowski’s main point about how we experience time in the “real” world versus are experiences with “digital” time? Why are these differences significant?
The real time is experienced subjectively. On the other hand, digital time is not live time, it has latency. Real time gives us the chance of everyone sharing the same experience at the same time and digital time disconnects us from sharing experiences simultaneously. This disconnect is significant because it can have as a consequence solating us even more than we already are.

2. What does Krukowski mean when he says that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space?
The sounds in an environment is what makes us aware of where we are. You can hear the ambulance siren in the streets, children play in the playground, friends listening to loud music celebrating the weekend, all of that information shows us where we are and where we are going.

3. In the interview at the beginning of the episode, Jeremiah Moss argues that developers in Astor Place are “privatizing public space in a very stealth way.” What does he mean by this? What does Moss say about the distinction between public and private space, and why is it important?
It is a public place. However, it is possible to see the private security guards walking around. It is supposed to be a place where people protest a place to show you freedron but now there are signs everywhere showing you what to do, because there are rules. That is significant because people now have less fredroom, they are losing their own place.

4. What is the significance of Emily Thompson’s idea that the development of concert halls arose from desires to “control interior spaces”? How is this desire, according to Krukowski, related to earbuds and headphones?
Concert Halls:
Control sound is about preventing sounds from echoing/propagating from the audience area. Making that the sound from the stage is heard everywhere and the sound of the audience is not heard. In other words, trying to copy outside nature that does not have echoes. Headphones are used as a protection to be away from other people, that is how we control our internal space.

5. In your own opinion, what are the key ideas from this episode about the relationship between sound and space? What strikes you as interesting about the ways that sound influences our experience of space.

I believe many people use the sounds as a form of protection to get around. Sounds can have influence over space giving us the opportunity to experience different kinds of feelings like happiness for the new parents watching their baby, sadness for the old guy sitting on the subway holding alcohol, annoyance with the sounds of traffic.

Discussion #5

Episode 1 

1. According to Krukowski’s main point, “real” time is variable and always changing, humans experience and express time in analog world, and it does not move quickly or slowly like in “digital” time. On the other hand, “digital” time is a machine time, expressed by computers, it is exact and unchanged.

2. Krukowski by saying that listening has a lot to do with how we navigate space, he means that switching from analog to digital audio changes our perception of time and space. Through using the stereo hearing, we find the source of the sounds around us.

 Episode 2 

1. Jeremiah Moss is angry about Astor Place gentrification, it has been a public space, where has happened protests and free expression, and now many changes are happening. Many businesses are privatizing the public space around the pedestrian plaza, and implementing many rules, they are dictating people how to use that space.

2. According to Emily Thompson’s idea about development of concert halls, is to control sound in interior space and to isolate from the city noise, and to create refuge from that loud environment. Likewise using the earbuds, each person is creating his own interior space and listening to the sounds he chose.

3. The sound around us always warn us and let us know about the space, we know where we are in that moment, and what or who is moving around us. As an example, are blind people, their feeling of space is related to sounds around them, they know when to cross the street listening to pedestrian traffic light sound. They also hear the presence of other people around them.